How to use global variables in SQL Server ?

Posted on 2002-07-18
Last Modified: 2006-11-17
Hi All,
  How can I use global variables in SQL Server stored procedures ?

My aim is to make a value available throughout the duration of connection, so that  once the variable is initialised in a stored procedure,the variable can be accessed by any trigger associated with the tables used by the stored procedure .

Question by:rasaraja
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LVL 143

Accepted Solution

Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 25 total points
ID: 7161727
This is not possible as such.
A workaround is to have a table where you store this value, with a keyindication of the @@spid value.

CREATE TABLE GlobalValues ( spid as int, value as varchar (100) )

in your stored procedure, you do this:

UPDATE GlobalValues SET value = 'somevalue' WHERE spid = @@spid
IF @@rowcount = 0
INSERT INTO GlobalValues (spid, value) VALUES (@@spid, 'somevalue')


in the other stored procedures or triggers, you can read the value:
DECLARE @val varchar(100)
SELECT @val = value from GlobalValues WHERE spid = @@spid



Assisted Solution

niklausj earned 20 total points
ID: 7164733
Another Workaround is to define a global cursor, this cursortype is visible to and valid during a connection.
you can set the cursor ( ... for select VALUE ) to return a single value, or set it to a temp-table-variable which will go out of scope when the cursor closes and that is either the close/deallocate statement or the closing of the connection.

Author Comment

ID: 7184245
Both of you have given correct answers. How can I divide the point between you two ?
LVL 143

Expert Comment

by:Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]
ID: 7184538
Technically, you can either choose...  
* the first one
* the one you use
...or you ask for a point split (for 45 points?)
* post a 0-point question in the Community support area.

Expert Comment

ID: 9280099
This old question needs to be finalized -- accept an answer, split points, or get a refund.  For information on your options, please click here-> http:/help/closing.jsp#1 
Post your closing recommendations!  No comment means you don't care.

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