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opening another console at run time using system()

Posted on 2002-07-25
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Last Modified: 2012-05-04
Hi I have two questions regarding system call in Unix in C language.

1. What function will I use to be able to open another console by using a system() in C? The scenario is to call an executable file inside the code and that executable will open another console(this is aside from the existing console used at run time).

2. The code is like this :

    /* line 1 : */ char w_temp[100] ;
    /* line 2 : */ strcpy(w_temp,"ls -l tempdir " ) ;
    /* line 3 : */ system(w_temp) ;

    NOTE : tempdir is not an existing directory.

  By executing these lines, the compiler execute   automatically the system call "ls -l tempdir". My aim is not to write "No such file or directory" to the console even if the file/directory is not existing. In this case even if I catch the return of line 3 I cannot control its automatic writing of the result of my command ("ls -l tempdir"). My question is, is there a way for me to control the result of the system call before it writes to the console? Like in this case, I would want the code not to write to the console the result of the string I passed( "ls -l tempdir" ). The string is a parameter for my function.

That's all thank you!
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Question by:keziah0815
6 Comments
 
LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 7179463
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
char w_temp[100] ;
FILE *ptr;
strcpy(w_temp,"ls -l tempdir 2>&1" ) ;
if( ptr = popen(w_temp,"r") ){
    char buf[BUFSIZ];
    while( fgets(buf, BUFSIZ, ptr) ){
       (void) printf("%s", buf);
    }

}
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Author Comment

by:keziah0815
ID: 7179482
The code you gave still prints "No such file or directory" on the console. I would like not to write "No such file or directory" on the console.
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Expert Comment

by:jonnin
ID: 7179828
Can you redirect the output and remove the offending line?
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Accepted Solution

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MFCRich earned 300 total points
ID: 7179884
The offending line is printed to stderr. You could redirect this to /dev/null before the popen() call from ozo's comment and restore it when finished.

As for opening a console, you could fork() and exec() an xterm. Would that accomplish what you want?
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LVL 84

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 7181599
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
char w_temp[100] ;
FILE *ptr;
strcpy(w_temp,"ls -l tempdir 2>&1" ) ;
if( ptr = popen(w_temp,"r") ){
   char buf[BUFSIZ];
   while( fgets(buf, BUFSIZ, ptr) ){
      /*(void) printf("%s", buf);*/
   }
}
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Expert Comment

by:Kdo
ID: 9480608
No comment has been added lately, so it's time to clean up this TA.

I will leave a recommendation in the Cleanup topic area that this question is:
Accept MFCRich's comment as answer

Please leave any comments here within the next seven days.

PLEASE DO NOT ACCEPT THIS COMMENT AS AN ANSWER!

Kent (Kdo)
EE Cleanup Volunteer
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