FTP via firewall

I have a network connected via firewall running iptables. I've enabled only established inbound traffic:
 (--state RELATED,ESTABLISHED) and all outbound traffic. However, the FTP clients wouldn't connect even in the passive mode. What might be the problem?
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Leonid99Asked:
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jlevieCommented:
It's hard to say without seeing your entire rule set. Below you'll find an example of a reasonably secure ruleset that doesn't have any problem with outbound FTP connections. Read the comments at the beginning to see how to use it (and you'll need to edit it to suit your hardware/network configuration.

#!/bin/sh
#
# For a system to function as a firewall the kernel has to be told to forward
# packets between interfaces, i.e., it needs to be a router. Since you'll save the
# running config with 'iptables-save' for RedHat to reinstate at the next boot
# IP fordarding must be enabled by other than this script for production use.
# That's best done by editing /etc/sysctl.comf and setting:
#
# net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1
#
# Since that file will only be read at boot, you can uncomment the following
# line to enable forwarding on the fly for initial testing. Just remember that
# the saved iptables data won't include the command.
#
#echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
#
# Once the rule sets are to your liking you can easily arrange to have them
# installed at boot on a Redhat box (7.1 or later). Save the rules with:
#
# /etc/init.d/iptables save
#
# which saves the running ruleset to /etc/sysconfig/iptables. When /etc/init.d/iptables
# executes it will see the file and restore the rules. I find it easier to modify this file
# and run it (make sure it is executable with 'chmod +x iptables-init') to change the
# rulesets., rather than modifying the running rules. That way I have a readable record
# of the firewall configuration.
#
# Set an absolute path to IPTABLES and define the interfaces.
# OUTSIDE is the outside or untrusted interface that connects to the Internet
# and INSIDE is, well that ought to be obvious.
#
IPTABLES="/sbin/iptables"
OUTSIDE=eth1
INSIDE=eth0
#
# Clear out any existing firewall rules, and any chains that might have
# been created. Then set the default policies.
#
$IPTABLES -F
$IPTABLES -F INPUT
$IPTABLES -F OUTPUT
$IPTABLES -F FORWARD
$IPTABLES -F -t mangle
$IPTABLES -F -t nat
$IPTABLES -X
$IPTABLES -P INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -P FORWARD ACCEPT
#
# Begin setting up the rulesets. First define some rule chains to handle
# exception conditions. These chains will receive packets that we aren't
# willing to pass. Limiters on logging are used so as to not to swamp the
# firewall in a DOS scenario.
#
# silent       - Just dop the packet
# tcpflags     - Log packets with bad flags, most likely an attack
# firewalled   - Log packets that that we refuse, possibly from an attack
#
$IPTABLES -N silent
$IPTABLES -A silent -j DROP

$IPTABLES -N tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A tcpflags -m limit --limit 15/minute -j LOG --log-prefix TCPflags:
$IPTABLES -A tcpflags -j DROP

$IPTABLES -N firewalled
$IPTABLES -A firewalled -m limit --limit 15/minute -j LOG --log-prefix Firewalled:
$IPTABLES -A firewalled -j DROP
#
# Use  NPAT if you have a dynamic IP. Otherwise comment out the following
# line and use the Source NAT below.
#
$IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $OUTSIDE -j MASQUERADE
#
# Use Source NAT if to do the NPAT you have a static IP or netblock.
# Remember to change the IP to be that of your OUTSIDE NIC.
#
#$IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o $OUTSIDE -j SNAT --to 1.2.3.4
#
# Examples of Port forwarding.
#
# The first forwards HTTP traffic to 10.0.0.10
# The second forwards SSH to 10.0.0.10
# The third forwards a block of tcp and udp ports (2300-2400) to 10.0.0.10
#
# Remember that if you intend to forward something that you'll also
# have to add a rule to permit the inbound traffic.
#
#$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $OUTSIDE -p tcp --dport 80 -j DNAT --to 10.0.0.10
#$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $OUTSIDE -p tcp --dport 22 -j DNAT --to 10.0.0.10
#$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $OUTSIDE -p tcp --dport 2300:2400 -j DNAT --to 10.0.0.10
#$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $OUTSIDE -p udp --dport 2300:2400 -j DNAT --to 10.0.0.10
#
# These are all TCP flag combinations that should never, ever, occur in the
# wild. All of these are illegal combinations that are used to attack a box
# in various ways.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL FIN,URG,PSH -j tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL ALL -j tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL SYN,RST,ACK,FIN,URG -j tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags ALL NONE -j tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,RST SYN,RST -j tcpflags
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p tcp --tcp-flags SYN,FIN SYN,FIN -j tcpflags
#
# Allow selected ICMP types and drop the rest.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 0 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 3 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 11 -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp --icmp-type 8 -m limit --limit 1/second -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p icmp -j firewalled
#
# The loopback interface is inheritly trustworthy. Don't disable it or
# a number of things on the firewall will break.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
#
# Uncomment the following  if the inside machines are trustworthy and
# there are services on the firewall, like DNS, web, etc., that they need to access.
# And remember to change the  IP to be that of the INSIDE interface of the firewall.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INSIDE -d 10.0.0.1 -j ACCEPT
#
# If you are running a DHCP server on the firewall uncomment the next two lines
#
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INSIDE -d 10.0.0.255 -j ACCEPT
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $INSIDE -d 255.255.255.255 -j ACCEPT
#
# Allow packets that are part of an established connection to pass
# through the firewall. This is required for normal Internet activity
# by inside clients.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
#
# Silently drop and SMB traffic. We've slipped the surly bonds of windows
# and are dancing on the silvery wings of Linux, so block that windows trash.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -p udp --sport 137 --dport 137 -j silent
#
# If you want to be able to connect via SSH from the Internet
# uncomment the next line.
#
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $OUTSIDE -d 0/0 -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
#
# Examples of allowing inbound for the port forwarding examples above.
#
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $OUTSIDE -d 0/0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $OUTSIDE -d 0/0 -p tcp --dport 2300:2400 -j ACCEPT
#$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $OUTSIDE -d 0/0 -p udp --dport 2300:2400 -j ACCEPT
#
# Anything that hasn't already matched gets logged and then dropped.
#
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -j firewalled

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