What is the difference between a structure and a class in C++?

balakiran_bs
balakiran_bs used Ask the Experts™
on
In C++, Structure also supports Encapsulation,
Data hiding, Inheritance, polymorphism, operator
overloading and the concept of friend functions.

Constructors & Destructors too.

It behaves exactly similar to that of a class.

Then, what is the difference between the two ?

The default scope of structure is public and class
is private. Is it the only difference ?
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Yes, You said it.

C++ extends the "C" struct to allow behavioral methods to be bound to the data.  The C++ class then extends the structure to include access specifiers which control access to the data and methods.  A structure by default offers public access to it's members and a class offers private access to it's members.

The following table summarizes the difference between the C, C++ structure and class.

                   "C" struct    "C++" struct    "C++" class
attributes             X               X               X
methods                                X               X
default access      "public"      "public"        "private"

Roshmon

Commented:
I read this somewhere but just can't remember the source:

"In C++ a struct is equivalent to a class with all members public."
Commented:
Basicly class is a struct, the only difference is that C++ allows you to do smart manipulations on that struct, during compile time.
when you define a member function, it works just like C function. but when you start inhariting and doing some polymorphism, C++ adds a function pointer to that "struct" and dose changes that pointer to the correct function associated with the class and it's inharitance.
operator overloading behaves similarly.
as a rule, everything you can write in C++ you can do in C , it will only be harder to implement.

Commented:
shlezman,

I think you need to check your facts and understanding of struct vs. class before you start posting such stuff.

In fact the declaration:

struct basestruct {
 // Whatever...
};

struct derivedstruct : public basestruct {
 // Whatever...
};

Is entirely legal in C++.

Commented:
jhance, You're right, what I meant in my comment to show diffrence between struct in C and class in C++.

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