Knoppix - three problems - lots of points

jatcan
jatcan used Ask the Experts™
on
Hey Guys,

Well, I finally bit the bullet and made the switch. I use Windows 7.5 hrs, 5 days out of 7, and I wanted something different at home. I did a little research, and because I am such a newbie, decided on Knoppix. It's Debian based and free is about all I know about it. Find it here: http://www.knopper.net/knoppix/index-en.html

SO, I installed it to the HDD on my OLD Win2KServer partition. Much to my surprise it runs surprisingly fast right from the cdrw. It basically installed itself after the partition/swap setup. I'm used to disk druid in RedHat, this partitioner was different, more text based, simpler and faster-didn't get the name of it. Anyways, I booted , video working, sound working, all hardware operational(or at least, detected). So here's the scoop:

Problems:( I am going to try something-[read on]-if it works I'll scratch the first problem, please see question #2 first)

#1

NTFS Partitions won't mount:

root@thor:~# mount /dev/hda5 /mnt/win -ro

results in:

root@thor:~# mount -t ntfs /dev/hda5 /mnt/win -o rw
mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/hda5,
       or too many mounted file systems


AND can someone please, for love of my sanity, tell me how to turn these root emails off...

You have new mail in /var/mail/root

So, back to the error above, I do this:

mount -l

which results in:

root@thor:~# mount -l
none on /proc type proc (rw)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620)
usbdevfs on /proc/bus/usb type usbdevfs (rw)
root@thor:~#

I need to mount and/or recover in anyway some data on some drives, I have one 8GB partition that I could delete and use for storage in order to recover data. I have two partitions where I need to recover data, both NTFS, Win2KAdvan.Server (NTFS VER. 3.0/5.0).

I am going to try and convert the 8GB partition to fat32 using partition magic 8. If it works I will do that to the data sensitive drive(s) also, cross my fingers. Will let you know.

If the 8GB convert doesn't work I will delete the partition and create ext2 out of it.

Contents of fstab:

---------Snip----------
# /etc/fstab: Tabelle einzubindender Dateisysteme.
#
# Dateisystem  Mountpunkt  Typ  Optionen  dump  pass
/dev/hda1  /  ext2  defaults,errors=remount-ro  0  1
/dev/hda4  none  swap  swap defaults,pri=1  0  0
proc  /proc  proc  defaults  0  0
/dev/fd0  /floppy  vfat  defaults,user,noauto,showexec,umask=022  0  0
/dev/cdrom  /cdrom  iso9660  defaults,ro,user,noexec,noauto  0  0
/dev/hda5 /mnt/win ntfs defaults,user,ro, user,noexec,noauto 0  0
---------Snip----------

If I need further assistance with this I will post later(it will be worth 500 points), I just posted the problem to get you thinking about it, now on to question 2.
================================================
Problem #2

I have a good resolution. Right now it's running at 1024X768 with no troubles at all. The PROBLEM is that I have a 19" Samsung 900NF (Triniton Flat) and a Radeon 7000VE with 64MB DDR....I WANT to run it at 1280 X 1024 @ at least 85hz refresh. Normally, I would log out, back to runlevel 3, then use pico /etc/X11/XF86Config , make my changes write them out and startx again. I hesitate because this Distro (Debian) does not come with pico, or at least I can't run it from / , the problem with this is that I only learned one shell based editor (pico) during my off and on relationship with Red Hat, I am afraid I will hose the file if I use anything else. I need instructions, step by step please, for editting the file using  emacs, vi, vim or whatever other editor you prefer that is installed on this system. Here is the contents of /etc/X11/XF86Config:

-----SNIP---------
Section "Files"
        RgbPath      "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc:unscaled"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi:unscaled"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi:unscaled"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/PEX"
# Additional fonts: Locale, Gimp, TTF...
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/cyrillic"
#        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/latin2/75dpi"
#        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/latin2/100dpi"
# True type and type1 fonts are also handled via xftlib, see /etc/X11/XftConfig!
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1"
        FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/western"
        FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/decoratives"
#       FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/openoffice"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/defoma/CID"
        FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/defoma/TrueType"
EndSection

Section "ServerFlags"
EndSection

Section "Keyboard"
   Protocol    "Standard"
   AutoRepeat  500 5
   LeftAlt        Meta
   RightAlt        Meta
   ScrollLock      Compose
   RightCtl        Control
# This is just the default keymap for X.
# May be changed with the KDE international keyboard tool.
   XkbModel    "pc104"
   XkbLayout "us"

#   XkbOptions  "ctrl:swapcaps"
#   XkbKeycodes     "xfree86"
#   XkbTypes        "default"
#   XkbCompat       "default"
#   XkbSymbols      "us(pc101)"
#   XkbGeometry     "pc"
#   XkbRules        "xfree86"
#   XkbModel        "pc101"
#   XkbLayout "us"
EndSection

Section "Pointer"
    Protocol    "PS/2"
    Device      "/dev/mouse"
    Emulate3Buttons
    Emulate3Timeout    70
EndSection

# Auto-generated by mkxf86config

Section "Monitor"
      Identifier   "Monitor0"
      ModelName    "SAM 002f"
# These are the DDC-probed settings and modelines
      HorizSync    30-110
      VertRefresh  50-160
# 640x480, 60.0Hz; hfreq=31.469000, vfreq=59.939999
ModeLine "640x480"       25.17  640  648  744  784  480  482  484  509 -hsync -vsync
# 640x480, 72.0Hz; hfreq=37.861000, vfreq=72.808998
ModeLine "640x480"       31.50  640  656  696  816  480  481  484  504 -hsync -vsync
# 640x480, 75.0Hz; hfreq=37.500000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "640x480"       31.50  640  656  720  840  480  481  484  500 -hsync -vsync
# 800x600, 56.0Hz; hfreq=35.155998, vfreq=56.250000
ModeLine "800x600"       36.00  800  824  896 1024  600  601  603  625 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 60.0Hz; hfreq=37.879002, vfreq=60.317001
ModeLine "800x600"       40.00  800  840  968 1056  600  601  605  628 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 72.0Hz; hfreq=48.077000, vfreq=72.188004
ModeLine "800x600"       50.00  800  856  976 1040  600  637  643  666 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 75.0Hz; hfreq=46.875000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "800x600"       49.50  800  816  896 1056  600  601  604  625 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 85.0Hz; hfreq=53.674000, vfreq=85.060997
ModeLine "800x600"       56.25  800  832  896 1048  600  601  604  631 +hsync +vsync
# 1024x768, 60.0Hz; hfreq=48.362999, vfreq=60.004002
ModeLine "1024x768"       65.00 1024 1048 1184 1344  768  771  777  806 -hsync -vsync
# 1024x768, 70.0Hz; hfreq=56.476002, vfreq=70.069000
ModeLine "1024x768"       75.00 1024 1048 1184 1328  768  771  777  806 -hsync -vsync
# 1024x768, 75.0Hz; hfreq=60.022999, vfreq=75.028999
ModeLine "1024x768"       78.75 1024 1040 1136 1312  768  769  772  800 +hsync +vsync
# 1024x768, 85.0Hz; hfreq=68.677002, vfreq=84.997002
ModeLine "1024x768"       94.50 1024 1072 1168 1376  768  769  772  808 +hsync +vsync
# 1280x1024, 75.0Hz; hfreq=79.975998, vfreq=75.025002
ModeLine "1280x1024"      135.00 1280 1296 1440 1688 1024 1025 1028 1066 +hsync +vsync
# 1280x1024, 85.0Hz; hfreq=91.146004, vfreq=85.024002
ModeLine "1280x1024"      157.50 1280 1344 1504 1728 1024 1025 1028 1072 +hsync +vsync
# 1600x1200, 75.0Hz; hfreq=93.750000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "1600x1200"      202.50 1600 1664 1856 2160 1200 1201 1204 1250 +hsync +vsync
# 1600x1200, 85.0Hz; hfreq=106.250000, vfreq=85.000000
ModeLine "1600x1200"      229.50 1600 1664 1856 2160 1200 1201 1204 1250 +hsync +vsync
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier    "My Video Card"
    VendorName    "Unknown"
    BoardName     "Unknown"
#     TextClockFreq  22.175
EndSection

Section "Device"
  Identifier    "fbdev"
  VendorName    "Unknown"
  BoardName     "Unknown"
EndSection


# Standard Server
Section "Screen"
    Driver      "svga"
    Device      "My Video Card"
    Monitor     "Monitor0"
    Subsection  "Display"
        Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
        ViewPort 0 0
    EndSubsection
EndSection

# Accel. Server(s)
Section "Screen"
    Driver      "accel"
    Device      "My Video Card"
    Monitor     "Monitor0"
    Subsection  "Display"
        Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
        ViewPort 0 0
    EndSubsection
EndSection

# Fallback
Section "Screen"
    Driver      "vga16"
    Device      "My Video Card"
    Monitor     "Monitor0"
    Subsection  "Display"
        Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
    EndSubsection
EndSection

Section "Screen"  
  Driver        "fbdev"
  Device        "fbdev"
  Monitor       "Monitor0"
  SubSection "Display"
    Depth       32
    Modes       "default"
  EndSubSection
  SubSection "Display"
    Depth       24
    Modes       "default"
  EndSubSection
  SubSection "Display"
    Depth       16
    Modes       "default"
  EndSubSection
  SubSection "Display"
    Depth       15
    Modes       "default"
  EndSubSection
  SubSection "Display"
    Depth       8
    Modes       "default"
  EndSubSection
EndSection
----------Snip------------
I also have the following file XF86Config-4 which I have never seen before..what is the purpose of this file? Here are it's contents also:

---------Snip------------
Section "ServerLayout"
      Identifier     "XFree86 Configured"
      Screen      0  "Screen0" 0 0
      InputDevice    "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
      InputDevice    "PS/2 Mouse" "CorePointer"
# Serial Mouse not detected
# USB Mouse not detected
EndSection

Section "ServerFlags"
      Option "AllowMouseOpenFail"  "true"
EndSection

Section "Files"
      RgbPath      "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb"
      ModulePath   "/usr/X11R6/lib/modules"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc:unscaled"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/misc"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi:unscaled"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi:unscaled"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/PEX"
# Additional fonts: Locale, Gimp, TTF...
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/cyrillic"
#      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/latin2/75dpi"
#      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/latin2/100dpi"
# True type and type1 fonts are also handled via xftlib, see /etc/X11/XftConfig!
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/Type1"
      FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/western"
      FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/ttf/decoratives"
      FontPath     "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/openoffice"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/defoma/CID"
      FontPath     "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/defoma/TrueType"
EndSection

Section "Module"
        Load  "ddc"  # ddc probing of monitor
      Load  "GLcore"
      Load  "dbe"
      Load  "dri"
      Load  "extmod"
      Load  "glx"
        Load  "bitmap" # bitmap-fonts
      Load  "speedo"
      Load  "type1"
      Load  "freetype"
      Load  "record"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
      Identifier  "Keyboard0"
      Driver      "keyboard"
        Option      "CoreKeyboard"
      Option "XkbRules" "xfree86"
      Option "XkbModel" "pc104"
      Option "XkbLayout" "us"

EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
      Identifier  "Serial Mouse"
      Driver      "mouse"
      Option      "Protocol" "Microsoft"
      Option      "Device" "/dev/ttyS0"
      Option      "Emulate3Buttons" "true"
      Option      "Emulate3Timeout" "70"
      Option          "SendCoreEvents"  "true"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
      Identifier  "PS/2 Mouse"
      Driver      "mouse"
      Option      "Protocol" "PS/2"
      Option      "Device" "/dev/psaux"
      Option      "Emulate3Buttons" "true"
      Option      "Emulate3Timeout" "70"
      Option          "SendCoreEvents"  "true"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier      "USB Mouse"
        Driver          "mouse"
        Option          "Device"                "/dev/input/mice"
      Option            "SendCoreEvents"      "true"
        Option          "Protocol"              "IMPS/2"
        Option          "ZAxisMapping"          "4 5"
        Option          "Buttons"               "5"
EndSection

# Auto-generated by KNOPPIX mkxf86config

Section "Monitor"
      Identifier   "Monitor0"
      ModelName    "SAM 002f"
# These are the DDC-probed settings and modelines
      HorizSync    30-110
      VertRefresh  50-160
# 640x480, 60.0Hz; hfreq=31.469000, vfreq=59.939999
ModeLine "640x480"       25.17  640  648  744  784  480  482  484  509 -hsync -vsync
# 640x480, 72.0Hz; hfreq=37.861000, vfreq=72.808998
ModeLine "640x480"       31.50  640  656  696  816  480  481  484  504 -hsync -vsync
# 640x480, 75.0Hz; hfreq=37.500000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "640x480"       31.50  640  656  720  840  480  481  484  500 -hsync -vsync
# 800x600, 56.0Hz; hfreq=35.155998, vfreq=56.250000
ModeLine "800x600"       36.00  800  824  896 1024  600  601  603  625 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 60.0Hz; hfreq=37.879002, vfreq=60.317001
ModeLine "800x600"       40.00  800  840  968 1056  600  601  605  628 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 72.0Hz; hfreq=48.077000, vfreq=72.188004
ModeLine "800x600"       50.00  800  856  976 1040  600  637  643  666 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 75.0Hz; hfreq=46.875000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "800x600"       49.50  800  816  896 1056  600  601  604  625 +hsync +vsync
# 800x600, 85.0Hz; hfreq=53.674000, vfreq=85.060997
ModeLine "800x600"       56.25  800  832  896 1048  600  601  604  631 +hsync +vsync
# 1024x768, 60.0Hz; hfreq=48.362999, vfreq=60.004002
ModeLine "1024x768"       65.00 1024 1048 1184 1344  768  771  777  806 -hsync -vsync
# 1024x768, 70.0Hz; hfreq=56.476002, vfreq=70.069000
ModeLine "1024x768"       75.00 1024 1048 1184 1328  768  771  777  806 -hsync -vsync
# 1024x768, 75.0Hz; hfreq=60.022999, vfreq=75.028999
ModeLine "1024x768"       78.75 1024 1040 1136 1312  768  769  772  800 +hsync +vsync
# 1024x768, 85.0Hz; hfreq=68.677002, vfreq=84.997002
ModeLine "1024x768"       94.50 1024 1072 1168 1376  768  769  772  808 +hsync +vsync
# 1280x1024, 75.0Hz; hfreq=79.975998, vfreq=75.025002
ModeLine "1280x1024"      135.00 1280 1296 1440 1688 1024 1025 1028 1066 +hsync +vsync
# 1280x1024, 85.0Hz; hfreq=91.146004, vfreq=85.024002
ModeLine "1280x1024"      157.50 1280 1344 1504 1728 1024 1025 1028 1072 +hsync +vsync
# 1600x1200, 75.0Hz; hfreq=93.750000, vfreq=75.000000
ModeLine "1600x1200"      202.50 1600 1664 1856 2160 1200 1201 1204 1250 +hsync +vsync
# 1600x1200, 85.0Hz; hfreq=106.250000, vfreq=85.000000
ModeLine "1600x1200"      229.50 1600 1664 1856 2160 1200 1201 1204 1250 +hsync +vsync
EndSection

Section "Device"
      ### Available Driver options are:-
# sw_cursor is needed for some ati and radeon cards
        #Option     "sw_cursor"
        #Option     "hw_cursor"
        #Option     "NoAccel"
        #Option     "ShowCache"
        #Option     "ShadowFB"
        #Option     "UseFBDev"
        #Option     "Rotate"
      Identifier  "Card0"
# The following line is auto-generated by KNOPPIX mkxf86config
      Driver      "vesa"
      VendorName  "All"
      BoardName   "All"
#      BusID       "PCI:1:0:0"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
      Identifier "Screen0"
      Device     "Card0"
      Monitor    "Monitor0"
      DefaultColorDepth 16
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     1
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     4
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     8
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     15
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     16
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     24
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
      SubSection "Display"
            Depth     32
            Modes "1024x768" "800x600" "640x480"
      EndSubSection
EndSection

Section "DRI"
      Mode 0666
EndSection
---------Snip----------

I have read a lot of the documentation on XFree over the last 4 years of dabbling with linux, didn't understand a lot of it, but I read it anyways, I know how easy it is to mess up X when you know only enough to be dangerous, I am looking for a quick lesson based on my video card.

Another 500 Points.
===================================================
#3


I have a CDRW (Plextor PX-W1210A). It is listed as /dev/hdc and /dev/scd0 in the setup options of CDBakeOven. I also have an Acer 48X/AKU listed as /dev/hdd and /dev/scd1. I would like to learn to correctly identify these in fstab AND create a link on the desktop which will mount the drive AND open the file manager with the contents displayed. There is already a link to the cdrom on the desktop, it opens the burner. AND is it really necessary to have all the liniks to one device? The link chain is like this:

/dev/cdaudio(a file)=>(points to)/dev/cdrom=>/dev/sr0=>dev/scd10

three links to get to the cdrom? I don't know if I understand this right, but, to me the newbie, it looks like /dev/cdaudio is the first file in a total of three links that end up pointing to scd10? If this is not true, please explain it to me. I really don't need links to documents either, I'd like someone, if they have the free time( I know, I know, it's not like you don't have better things to do---please?)to explain this to me in layman's terms because I am not a linux techie, by any stretch of the imagination, and I need to understand if I am ever to become one.

I have the cdburning "HowTo" so I would like to take a shot at it, but after I get my drives recognized and mountable.

Another 500 points.

AND, if someone gives me clear consice steps for all of these( or any of them for that matter) I'll throw in another 1000 points just to show my appreciation. I got 18000 points that I will MOST likely not use up in a hurry soooo....I can afford it..as it were.

I eagerly await my first "lesson".

Cheers,

Jatcan




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Commented:
OH, the reason I need this is because I haven't got time to RTFM, I am studying for MCSE and just can't do it right now, but I am beginning to slowly hate Windows, maybe it's becasue I work with it all day, maybe because I have enough experience with linux to klnow how much more freedon I have using linux, maybe it's because I haven't played a game on my PC in about 2years, maybe a combo of everything, but I really, really, really don't want to have to fdisk and install windows again just because I haven't got the time to read and learn how to do all the above myself...

Thanks,

John
#1:
   your kernel does not support NTFS filesystems
   either you need to recompile your kerenl, or if you have loadable module support (check with: lsmod), then compile the NTFS driver as module and install it

#2:
   edit your /etc/X11/XF86Config as follows:

       vi /etc/X11/XF86Config

   in vi type following command (verbatim):

       :g/Modes "1024x/s//Modes "1280x1024" "1024x/

   then quit X and start it again (with startx or whatever)
   you can walk through the different monitor settings using:

        Ctrl-Alt-NumPad+

#3:
    how to do this depends on your used desktop (WindowManager + Panel), usually it's just a few clicks to do it. Check the different menues you get when you click the different mouse-buttons while the pointer is on the desktop.

Nick AccadSystems Administrator

Commented:
just a thought for #1
are u sure this partition is NTFS formatted?
try vfat instead of ntfs
and make sure this is the right pratiotion that you want to
mount.

like i said just a thought, but it happened to me lots of times

tc
-nick
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Author

Commented:
NACCAD:

Partition Magic 7 says it's a ntfs partition and I distinctly remember c:\convert e: /ntfs. I am 100% sure it is an ntfs partition...eeeerrrr...or it WAS an ntfs partition. Scratch problem #1...I got fed up and made it all one big ext2 partition...I got most stuff backed up(week old backup), the rest will only take a few hours to re-create...my impatience caused this BTW...


ahoffman:

I did your command, after I did :~#vi /etc/XF86Config

then I used shift + colon and did the rest,

:g/Modes "1024X/s//Modes "1280x1024"0"1024x/

I used loggoff to quit X, then used statx, KDE loaded in 1024X768 resolution. I then used ctrl+alt+ numpad + to cycle through the resolutions, all of them were there, of course, but the only one viewable was 1024X768. The rest of the resolutions were hozizontally deformed. I could make out the colors of my background picture but nothing else...any more ideas?

It is a radeon 7000VE. It is supposed to be supported by xfree86-4.x and it IS working just fine, only I can't seem to get it into a higher resolution. With windows I run this card at 1280X1024@85hz refresh rate with no troubles at all, the card isn't even working at that resolution....

Cheers,

john





> .. but the only one viewable was 1024X768. The rest of the resolutions were hozizontally deformed.

does it mean that you did not see the same just enlarged?
ok, then your xconfig settings are wrong.

AFAIK RedHat comes with a XConfigurator too, which you can use to build a more proper XF86Config. Check your docs.
At least you my use xf86config or xf86config4 or XF86Setup

Author

Commented:
ahoffman:

I did lsmod, the results showed installed modules but none of them hinted at anything close to ntfs. So, I need to download the ntfs module, compile it, and load it. I may as well learn this because I DO have a couple ntfs drives sitting on a shelf.

Also, I DO have the XF86Config-4 file and it also has information regarding resolution settings. I will also do the same thing in that file.

OK, I have modified the XF86Config-4 file to reflected the resolutions that I want, and also did the same in the XF86Config file. Time to reboot. If i don't come back for awhile, it means I'm hosed, I did make a copy of both files on my desktop and I also have discovered jpico, which is very similar to pico.

John
> xf86config or xf86config4 or XF86Setup
.. are programs which build your XF86Config file
Have you tried any?

Author

Commented:
No. The distro I'm using has mkxconfig. I haven't run it because I want to learn how to manually edit the XF86Config file successfully. I am getting closer. I editted XF86Config-4 only this time, I removed a '#' sign from one of the mode lines, then changed the following items in the default section to read like follows:

DefaultColorDepth 24  (instead of 16)

then I went to the 24 bit section and editted the resolutions to read:

"1280x1024" "1024x768" "800x600"

then wrote it out (using jpico), re-started X.

I now have 1280x1024 resolution. Although I beleive it is running at either 60 or 75hz. I think it is 75hz. I need 85hz to get rid of the flicker. I think I might give a go at 32 bit color depth also.

Can anyone tell me how to check the "in use" refresh rate?

Cheers,

John

Author

Commented:
OH Yeah, just read above post, the first restart of X caused a crasherd, re-editted XF86Config-4, replaced the '#' in front of the previously mentioned mode line, saved, started X again and THEN I got the 1280x1024 resolution I am looking for...

Cheers,

John

Author

Commented:
OK, I got the 85hz refresh rate I am looking for and the flicker is now gone. Cool. This Linux stuff is easier than I first suspected. I have done most of this on my own, with some help from ahoffman. Thanks.

I resolve the flicker by simply deleting the modeline that referenced the 75hz refresh rate, leaving only the 85hz refresh rate to be used...

Now, I need to mount my cdrom drive, the burner is being detected and I can mount it via

mount /dev/cdrom /cdrom

the /cdrom mount point is already part of the tree and it is default, it was there once I finished install, I didn't create it.

I have the following in the setup options of the pre-loaded cdbakeoven application in the CD-ROM Devices section:

---------------------------snip------------------

/dev/hdc    Plextor CD-R PX W1210A   ide-scsi  n/a
/dev/hdd    CD-ROM 48X/AKU          ide-scsi  n/a
/dev/scd0   Plextor CD-R PX-W1210A   n/a       [00,00,00]
/dev/scd1   E-IDE CD-ROM 48X/AKU     n/a       [00,01,00]

-------------------------snip-------------------

I can give any info you need in order for you to be able to guide me in creating a device shortcut on the desktop which will open the cdrom-not the burner) in a file manager window-seems to default to konqueror and I have no probnlems with konqueror.

Anybody?

Cheers,

John

don't how you start you X, just by X itself or startx.
Anyway dosen't matter, STart it as follows (assuming bash syntax):
    startx >./x.log 2>&1
(replace startx by whatever you use to start X)
Then, after leaving X again, check the generated ./x.log, it lists all settings from your XF86Config file which are used by the server, which are rejected, and which ones have been used by default (file is selfexplantory).
You also see which resoltion, 1280x1024 for example, uses which video freguency.

If you're not satisfied with the listed settings, you may edit the appropriate line in XF86Config, but take care that this can damage your hardware (video card and/or monitor).
There is a GUI tool for doing this: xvidtune
That's probaly much better than fiddling around with the assumtions about the right values in XF86Config.
hv

Commented:
Concerning your ntfs problem.   Some linux distributions have no support for ntfs included. There's a site: http://sourceforge.net/projects/linux-ntfs/
where you can find more info, and most likely the software you need. There's a good chance you'll not need to recompile
anything, just install a precompiled package or module.
On my own system I can read ntfs from linux, but
not write. That's a bit anoying, but the benefits of ntfs
relative to vfat are too important to call for a
switch if the content of your Windows partitions is
important to you. A simpleminded solution, if you, like me,
need to make certain things accessible to both operating
system, is to make
an extra partition formatted as vfat, onto which both
operating systems can write.

/henrik
#1 NTFS
  AFAIK each linux distribution comes with kernel sources, the ntfs driver is part of the source.
  You simply need to enable it (built-in or as module) in the kernels .config file. Either use one of the recommendet methods like
     make config
     make menuconfig
  or edit by hand .config:
    CONFIG_NTFS_FS=y
  that's enough for read-only access (after recompiling the kernel.
  If you want read-write access, which is experimental:
    CONFIG_NTFS_RW=y
A simple check if you kernel is able to use NTFS is:
   grep -i ntfs /proc/filesystems

There is no mystery ;-)

Author

Commented:
When I first ran this command:

grep -i ntfs /proc/filesystems

it returned an error. Then I tried lsmod and I did not see ntfs on the list of modules. I am a newbie so I had to try lsmod. Anyways, I download and inserted ntfs file system support and I have my ntfs bacup drive mounted, read only, after a loty of RTFM'ing I discovered the weaknesses in ntfs support and the reasons why. This has been a really long project for the developers and it is quite interesting to read about ntfs when it was written by someone who reverse engineered it...

either way ntfs support is now built in. I am still, however, not burning any cd's yet. A whole other ballgame.

I also have created the proper links to open the proper cdrom drives and it only took an hour of readin and messing with fstab.

As far as the video refresh rate goes, all seems to be well, however, I am thinking about backing up current config and runnning xvidtune as ahoffman suggests...will let you all know what happens when I do it.

I even got my logitech optical scroll mouse working, imwheel and a few more XF86Config edits took care of that. Only been a total of three days reading and "messing" around with configs to get it this far.

Also, have Udma66 running on the HDD's and a fresh reboot and hdparm -Tt reports a very respectible 58MB's per second on 128MB transfer. I need to figure out how to implement this from boot so I don't have to run it after every reboot.

Anyways, I think  that my questions ahve been answered as far as getting me started and pointing me in the right direction goes, ahoffman has been the most help and I think that he deserves these points.

Thank You to ALL who have contributed to my questions. There will be more but I think I've bleed this one for all i can and still feel good about it.

See you All soon.



Author

Commented:
Thanks for the guidance. Appreciated.

John
you're welcome, thanks for grading

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