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Simple (I hope) question

Posted on 2003-03-30
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Last Modified: 2013-11-20
I now know why I love working in C++ Builder.  I'm doing (customer requirements) a project where the PC side is in Visual C++ 6.0, and am pulling hairs.  I'm trying to do some simple things, and cannot begin to find where to do them.

The one I am trying now is to grey a menu line.  I design it grayed, and it shows up not grayed.  I use this code trying to change it's status...

     CMenu* pSysMenu = GetSystemMenu(FALSE);
     pSysMenu->EnableMenuItem(ID_BURN_FILEBURN,MF_GRAYED | MF_DISABLED);

and it remains not grayed.  I've tried several flag combination (MF_BYCOMMAND or MF_BYPOSITION), they fail, but other functions like AppendMenu are working, so the handle retrieved is correct.

I said this is easy, but it's pretty urgent, so I'm paying out a lot.
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Question by:sburck
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5 Comments
 
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AlexFM earned 2000 total points
ID: 8233465
In SDI and MDI application you cannot set menu and toolbar items state directly. Instead of this you need to overwrite UPDATE_COMMAND_UI message handler. To do this, right-click on one of application classes (for exmple, CMainFrame), seleca "Add Windows Message Handler", select ID_BURN_FILEBURN and double-click on UPDATE_COMMAND_UI. In the function write:

pCmdUI->Enable(FALSE);
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LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 8233469
This handle is called when parent menu item is opened (WM_INITMENUPOPUP) or in idle time for toolbar buttons. Any changes done by using EnableMenuItem is overwritten by UPDATE_COMMAND_UI handler.
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Author Comment

by:sburck
ID: 8233491
OK - that did it.  I'm going to ask why, though, there is a distinction, even though I'm hoping not to need it again for a long time.  The points are yours, but if you have a few seconds to explain why this is, I'd appreciate it.
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LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 8233525
In SDI/MDI application program doesn't update menu and toolbar state directly. Instead of this you write condition which defines item state (enabled/disabled, checked/unchecked...). For example, if you want to have Save command enabled only when information is changed, you write:

void CMainFrame::OnUpdateFileSave(CCmdUI* pCmdUI)
{
    pCmdUI->Enable(m_bDirty);
}

instead of enabling menu item every tyme user types a symbol. Program changes it's state and MFC framework applies conditions when necessary.
Menu items are updated when parent menu is poped-up. Toolbar buttons are updated in idle time.
When some program event occures, you don't think "How to change all menu items according to the new state". You just keep the new state changing some flag.
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by:sburck
ID: 8233534
Thanks for the explanation.
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