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input/ output redirection and pipelining

Posted on 2003-10-22
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Last Modified: 2012-05-04
I am writing a mini shell, but I am having trouble with input/ output redirection when it comes to reading the input from one file, execute a command on that input and then redirect the output to another file.

An example would be:

tac <myInput >myOutput

I was able to write the code if there was either one of the two (input or output), but I'm having trouble with the code for using both of them at the same time.

I tried creating a pipe but I was unsuccessful.
This is what I did (the program is pretty big so I will just show the pipe part)
int sd1[2];
int sd2[2];

pipe(sd1);
pipe(sd2);
sd1[0] = open(files[1],O_WRONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC,S_IRWXU);
sd2[1] = open(files[0],O_RDONLY,S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR);

if (fork()==0)
{
             close(sd1[0]);          
             close(sd2[1]);          

             dup2(sd1[1],0);    
             dup2(sd2[0],1);    
                execvp(comm[0],comm); // this is the command line within my shell
}
else if (fork()>0)
{
             close(sd1[0]);              
             close(sd2[1]);
}

Any help would be appreciated.

Thanks
 
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Comment
Question by:cybercla
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3 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
mtmike earned 125 total points
ID: 9602050
I don't think you need a pipe. Pipes are used for two-ended communication, you can't reconnect one end to a file. I think the algorithm should be:

- open the input and output file
- duplicate the opened files to the stdin (0) and stdout (1) file descriptors.
- call exec to execute the new process

You can open the files in the child process (after forking) so you don't need to close them in the parent.

Calling fork twice doesn't seem right. Perhaps you meant:

pid = fork();
if (pid == 0) {

} else if (pid > 0) {

}
0
 

Author Comment

by:cybercla
ID: 9602802
You are right, I didnt need a pipe. I managed to get it to work

int fd1, fd2;
  int dummy;
  char *newargv[2];

  if (fork() == 0) {
    fd1 = open("f1", O_RDONLY);

    if (fd1 < 0) {perror("catf1f2: f1"); exit(1);}
 
    if (dup2(fd1, 0) != 0) {perror("catf1f2: dup2(f1, 0)");exit(1);}

    close(fd1);
 
    fd2 = open("f2", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC | O_CREAT, 0644);

    if (fd2 < 0) {perror("catf1f2: f2");exit(2);}
 
    if (dup2(fd2, 1) != 1) {perror("catf1f2: dup2(f2, 1)");exit(1);}

    close(fd2);

    newargv[0] = "tac";
    newargv[1] = (char *) 0;

    execvp("tac", newargv);
    perror("execve(bin/cat, newargv, envp)");
    exit(1);  

  } else {wait(&dummy);
  }
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:mtmike
ID: 9602901
Looks good to me.

And you do need a pipe if you're going to implement pipelining (eg tac | cat).
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