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mechanism in perl to read config-file

Posted on 2003-10-29
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Last Modified: 2013-11-18
Hallo!

I have a config-file like:
--cut--
$filename="file.txt";
$servername="srv01";
...
--cut--

How to include this in a perl-script, so that I can access these variables from the perl-script?
is there a built-in mechanism to do this very simple?

thx
michael
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Question by:witty
9 Comments
 
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by:jmcg
ID: 9642981
One common method for writing configuration files for Perl scripts is to have the file consist of executable Perl statements like this example of yours. It's convenient but not secure.

To execute the statements contained in the file, you would typically use a 'require' or 'do' statement.

do "config-file.txt";
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Expert Comment

by:ultimatemike
ID: 9643057
Along the lines of jmcg's answer, you could try:  (This is assuming your config file is called data.dat). As jmcg mentioned, this is probably not a very safe way of doing this, but depending on your situation, it may be fine.


As well, if you didn't use strict, you wouldn't need to declare the variables before the eval. That would likely lead to some sloppy and buggy code though.


use strict;

my $filename;
my $servername;

open FH, "data.dat";

while (<FH>) {

      eval;

}

print $filename;
print $servername;
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by:vermeylen
ID: 9649240
The module Config::Inifiles should to this:
http://search.cpan.org/~wadg/Config-IniFiles-2.38/IniFiles.pm
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by:witty
ID: 9650977
@jmcg:
this sounds as the easiest one.

But variables defined in this config-file are undefined in the perl-script!

any idea

thx
michi
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Expert Comment

by:jmcg
ID: 9652889
You don't have a 'Package' directive in this config file, do you?

Or are you saying that the 'do' gets complaints from the perl compiler because you have said 'use strict;' ???
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by:witty
ID: 9653608
run.pl:
--cut--
use strict;
my $var=":-(";
do "run.cfg";
print "$var\n";
--cut--

run.cfg:
--cut--
$var=":-)";
--cut--

"perl run.pl" returns ":-("

do I have to code something else in "run.cfg"

thx
michi
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Accepted Solution

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jmcg earned 50 total points
ID: 9655253
Well, it _is_ a restriction of "do" and "require" that they are separate lexical scopes. Variables declared with "my" in one file are not visible to code in another file. If you change that "my" to "our", things work the way you expect.
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by:witty
ID: 9662646
"our" works fine!!!

but can anyone explain why:

use strict;
my $var=":-(";
do "run.cfg";
print $main::var."\n";

=> ":-)"

BUT:

use strict;
my $var=":-(";
do "run.cfg";
print $var."\n";

=> ":-("

thx
michi
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Expert Comment

by:jmcg
ID: 9663205
$mail::var accesses the global $var variable in your first example. By giving the fully-qualified name, you bypass the lexical $var that was declared with "my".

The second example is still getting the lexical.
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