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Case insensitive search in Oracle

Posted on 2003-10-30
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
I know string data comparision in Oracle is case sensitive. Is there a way where can eliminate case sensitive compariision? (we are using 9i)
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Question by:rsastry
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grim_toaster earned 125 total points
ID: 9649396
You can convert both strings to upper/lowercase and then do the comparison.  The only thing to watch out for is when you want to use a normal index on the column, as calling a function on it would prevent its use (however, you can use function-based indexes).
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by:rsastry
ID: 9649472
Thanks. Is there a way where we can change server setting without touching the code? (Instead of using upper functions and function based indexes) or is there an option during database install to select case insensitive comparision?
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by:Bigfam5
Bigfam5 earned 125 total points
ID: 9649493
Basically the answer is no, but if your app allows for mixed case to be entered then you would have to address that during comparisons

Select * from my_table   where upper(Col1) = 'ABC' ;
OR
Select * from my_table   where lower(Col1) = 'abc';

But like suggested above, create a function based index on Col1

create index idx_my_table_1 on my_table ( upper(Col1) );
OR
create index idx_my_table_1 on my_table ( lower(Col1) );



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Expert Comment

by:Bigfam5
ID: 9649533
Well, if you don't want to touch the code you could always create triggers

create or replace trigger on trg_my_table
before insert or update on my_table
for each row
begin
 :new.Col1 := upper(:new.Col1);
end;
/

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Expert Comment

by:andrewst
ID: 9649566
Yes, you are looking for a feature that SQL Server has (I believe), but unfortunately for you, Oracle does not.
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