URGENT: Header Files / Linking Problem

I have a COM dll I am writing with 4 different interfaces / classes.  I have some classes, structs and globals defined in a .H file (its all in the .H file, there is no cpp file)

When I include the .H file in one of the headers for the 4 classes, I have no problem.

When I include the .H file in two of the headers for the 4 classes, I get all sorts of

SYMBOLICFucntionName already definien in Object2.obj, where Object2 is the second object I added the #include directive to.  There are no errors for Object1, the original object that #included my header with objects and enums.  

Am I not allowed to do this?  If not, how do I restrucutre the linking/files so that I can do something like this?  
If so, why is this not working?
LVL 5
jjacksnAsked:
Who is Participating?
I wear a lot of hats...

"The solutions and answers provided on Experts Exchange have been extremely helpful to me over the last few years. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc., so I know a lot of things but not a lot about one thing. Experts Exchange gives me answers from people who do know a lot about one thing, in a easy to use platform." -Todd S.

jkrCommented:
Do you have "multiple inclusion guards", e.g.

//MyHeader.h:
#ifndef __MyHeader_h
#define __MyHeader_h

// rest of the header file goes here...

#endif
?
0
jjacksnAuthor Commented:
I added them, it didn' t fix the problem.
0
jjacksnAuthor Commented:
Also, when I don't have the header in there, I can't access the objects in the class that is causing the problems, so I don't think I have multiple inclusion problems.  I think it has something to do with the fact that they are all in the COM class perhaps? the .h file is creating global objects.  just a thought.  
0
Keep up with what's happening at Experts Exchange!

Sign up to receive Decoded, a new monthly digest with product updates, feature release info, continuing education opportunities, and more.

jkrCommented:
This _usually_ fixes the problem you described. Are you sure the #ifndef/#endif part encloses *all* of your file? Could you post the code?
0
GloomyFriarCommented:
>its all in the .H file, there is no cpp file
You have to split them on cpp and h.
There is no good way to solve the problem, if you have a code in your H file not only headers.
0
GloomyFriarCommented:
Other way:

---myh.h---
void SomeFunc(void);

#ifndef CODE_ALREADY_DEFINED
void SomeFunc(void)
{
}
#endif
--------------

---file1.cpp---
#include "myh.h"
----------------

---file2.cpp---
#define CODE_ALREADY_DEFINED
#include "myh.h"
----------------

---file3.cpp---
#define CODE_ALREADY_DEFINED
#include "myh.h"
----------------

...
0
GloomyFriarCommented:
One correction:

---myh.h---
#ifndef ___MYH_H_
#define ___MYH_H_

/* Put all declarations here */
void SomeFunc(void);

#ifndef CODE_ALREADY_DEFINED
/* Put all code in the such sections */
void SomeFunc(void)
{
}
#endif

#endif
--------------
0
_ys_Commented:
>> its all in the .H file, there is no cpp file
This will lead to multiple definitions of the objects within, guaranteed - unless of course you only have a single compilation unit (cpp file), which would be unusual.

Create a .cpp file, and move _all_ of the definitions to there. Your .h file, if neessary, can extern all those items removed.

GloomyFriar gave a good example, a function. If your current .h file has this

void SomeFunc(void)
{
}

then that would be moved to the .cpp, and your .h file would retain

extern void SomeFunc(void);

If you post the contents of your .h file, I'm sure somebody could aid in splitting them up with you.
0

Experts Exchange Solution brought to you by

Your issues matter to us.

Facing a tech roadblock? Get the help and guidance you need from experienced professionals who care. Ask your question anytime, anywhere, with no hassle.

Start your 7-day free trial
It's more than this solution.Get answers and train to solve all your tech problems - anytime, anywhere.Try it for free Edge Out The Competitionfor your dream job with proven skills and certifications.Get started today Stand Outas the employee with proven skills.Start learning today for free Move Your Career Forwardwith certification training in the latest technologies.Start your trial today
C++

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.

Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.