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# How to rotate a rectangle OnMousemove

Posted on 2003-11-05
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I have an object describing a rectangle using 4 CPoints for its corners, when I'm over a corner I want to hold down the mouse and rotate the object around it's center by moving the mouse.

Dan
0
Question by:dan_hed
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LVL 23

Expert Comment

ID: 9692218
Hi,

you can use the formula for rotation

x' = (x * cos A) - (y * sin A)
y' = (x * sin A) + (y * cos A)

1). http://www.codeproject.com/gdi/setworldtransform().asp - Using SetWorldTransform() to rotate basic shapes by any angle
2). http://www.codeproject.com/gdi/rotated_dc.asp - Rotate your graphics

Good Luck
0

Author Comment

ID: 9692308
hmm... right
That's if I know the angle, but what if I have only (x0, y0) - center of rotation, and the old and new x,y ???
How do I get the angle between the two lines ?

0

LVL 23

Expert Comment

ID: 9692330
You can use the slope equation

Slope = (y'- y)/(x'- x)
0

LVL 23

Expert Comment

ID: 9692343
Try this code snippet

dy = y2 - y1;
dx = x2 - x1;

assert (!(dx == 0.0 && dy == 0.0));

if (dx == 0.0)  /* Special case, vertical line */
{
if (dy > 0.0)
return 0.0;
else
return 180.0;
}
if (dy == 0.0) /* Special case, horizontal line */
{
if (dx > 0.0)
return 90.0;
else
return 270.0;
}
if (dx > 0.0)
return 90.0 - atan(dy/dx) * (180 / M_PI);
else if (dx < 0.0)
return 270.0 - atan(dy/dx) * (180 / M_PI);

Good Luck
0

Author Comment

ID: 9692354
Yo man,

That's all fine but my math is a bit rusty, know, the slope, know the formula for rotation.
But... how do I get the angle (rads / degrees) ???
0

LVL 23

Accepted Solution

Roshan Davis earned 250 total points
ID: 9692359
that will return in degree
0

LVL 3

Expert Comment

ID: 9693133
Try to call the function as following in your code:

CPoint pt[HANDLE_MAX];
CRect rect(10,10,100,100);

Rotate(rect,90,pt);
...

#include <math.h>
#define HANDLE_MAX 4
#define HANDLE_TL 0
#define HANDLE_TR 1
#define HANDLE_BL 2
#define HANDLE_BR 3

BOOL Rotate(const RECT rect,const int nAngle,LPPOINT pPoint) const
{
int i;
CPoint pt,ptCenter;
const double PI = 3.141592654;

ptCenter.x = int((rect.left + rect.right) / 2);
ptCenter.y = int((rect.top + rect.bottom) / 2);
dRadian = PI * double(nAngle) / double(180);

pPoint[HANDLE_TL] = CPoint(rect.left,rect.top);
pPoint[HANDLE_TR] = CPoint(rect.right,rect.top);
pPoint[HANDLE_BR] = CPoint(rect.right,rect.bottom);
pPoint[HANDLE_BL] = CPoint(rect.left,rect.bottom);

for(i=0;i<HANDLE_MAX;i++)
{
pt.x = pPoint[i].x - ptCenter.x;
pt.y = pPoint[i].y - ptCenter.y;

}

return TRUE;
}
0

Author Comment

ID: 9693258
Hi roshmon,
Not quit it but managed to solve the problem, reminded me of the math I forgot long ago :)
0

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