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I have written a simple program which gets a float binary ( like 110.01 ) and returns

however it does not work where have done wrong?

if I enter 11.10 the porgram give nothing

if I enter 11.01 the program gives 3.00

why does the program stops when it sees a 1 after ' . '

moreover

enterin 100 gives 5 instead of 4

I would like to put a if (binNum%2=0{

sum=sum-1}

does this influence the value of binNum?

#include <stdio.h>

int bin2dec(int binNum) {

int x;

int sum;

sum=0;

x=1;

do {

sum=sum+x;

x*=2;

} while((binNum/=10)>0);

return sum;

}

float bintofloat(float binNum2){

float y;

float summ;

summ=0.0;

y=0.5;

while (binNum2*10.0>1.0){

summ=summ+y;

y*=0.5;

}

return summ;

}

int main()

{

int a;

int sum;

float summ;

float binNum;

float binNum2;

float answer;

scanf("%f",&binNum);

a=(int)binNum;

binNum2=binNum-a;

sum=bin2dec(a);

summ=bintofloat(binNum2);

answer=sum+summ;

printf("%f",answer);

return 0;

}

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assume 100101

i get the remain part 1

x=1

divide by 10

remainer part 0 x=2 but skips it

divide by 10

remainer part 4 x=4

now I have 5 and it goes on ....

but the other does not ,

In the program I will enter a

number like 101.010 and the output will be

5.25

Ok. I still don't know what you're trying to do.

If you look at 101.010 as a decimal floating point number (and it is) then you get 101 as the "integer" part and .010 as the factional part.

101 in binary IS 5 decimal. 010 in binary is 2 decimal. Put them together and you get 5.2 (The trailing 5 in your answer is something else that has crept into the result.) Your program splits the integer and fractional parts, treats the decimal integer value as if it were a binary value and converts it back to int. (A meaningless conversion.)

When you enter 101.010 what do you expect to get for an answer?

Kent

However, as to the two implied questions at the top:

why does the program give nothing for 11.10?

For 11.10 the variable a is assigned 11, the variable binNum2 gets 11.10-11 = 0.10. So bintofloat is called with an argument of 0.10.

In bintofloat the loop condition is:

while(binNum2*10.0>1.0)

Now calculations are always done in double, and because of the vagueries of floating point arithmetic, binNum2*10.0 winds up being 1.0000038146973; i.e. slight more than 1, and so the loop executes.

The actions inside the loop alter summ and y, but nothing ever alters the value of bigNum2, and so the condition continues to be true, and the loop executes forever. Your program is "hung".

For 11.01, bintodec executes the loop twice.

The argument is 11, sum starts at 0, and x at 1. So in the first iteration sum becomes 1. Then x is multiplied up to 2. binNum/10 is greater than 0 so sum has the new x (2) added to it and becomes 3. Dividing binNum by 10 again leaves it at 0, and the loop exits returning 3.

For bintofloat the loop never executes because 0.01*10.0 is less than 1, so it returns 0.

So, answer becomes 3 + 0 which is 3.

getting a number in the format of

1 and 0 s and then convert it to a 10 based number

like this 1.1 -->>1.5

or 101.01-->> 5.25

to imladris : I see the loop error and I am asking how can I overcome the problem

"For bintofloat the loop never executes because 0.01*10.0 is less than 1, so it returns 0.

So, answer becomes 3 + 0 which is 3"

wont the loop continue to multiply by 10 until it gets >1 ?

as the othe loops does?

while(binNum2*10.0>1.0)

does not alter the value of binNum2, nor do any of the statements in the loop. So it will always evaluate to the same number.

If you want the loop to multiply binNum2 by 10, and continue to do so until it is greater than 1.0 (i.e. you want the loop to end when it becomes greater than 1.0) that is equivalent to say you want it to continue iterating *while* it is less than 1.0. So

while((binNum2*=10.0)<1.0)

should be closer to your requirements.

Ok. So the integer portion seems to be working OK. Let's clean up the fractional part, function bin2float().

float bin2float (float Value)

{

float NewValue = 0;

int Digit;

float TempValue = .5

while (Value != 0.0)

{

Digit = Value * 10; /* Grab the top digit */

if (Digit)

NewValue += TempValue;

Value -= Digit; /* Throw the used digit away */

Value = Value * 10; /* shift the next digit up */

TempValue /= 10.

}

return NewValue;

}

If you'll replace your bin2float() function with this one, I think you'll get the result that you're looking for.

Kent

Also, if you enter a normal float by accident (eg 33.6) things will go wrong without notice.

It is much easier to read in a binary float character by character and construct the actual floating point number on the fly. Allows you to do some error checking too.

Try something like this:

#include <stdio.h>

int main()

{

float x, a;

char ch;

/* Read in the integral part */

x = 0;

ch = getchar();

while (ch == '0' || ch == '1') {

x *= 2;

if (ch == '1') {

x += 1;

}

ch = getchar();

}

if (ch == '.') {

/* Read in the fraction */

a = 0.5;

ch = getchar();

while (ch == '0' || ch == '1') {

if (ch == '1') {

x += a;

}

a /= 2;

ch = getchar();

}

}

printf("%f\n", x);

return 0;

}

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Start your 7-day free trialhow does the program get that the first entered number is the 2^5 or 2^2

??

Some examples...

Input: 100 (binary)

x = 0

x = x*2+1 = 1

x = x*2+0 = 2

x = x*2+0 = 4

Input: 10010 (binary)

x = 0

x = x*2+1 = 1

x = x*2+0 = 2

x = x*2+0 = 4

x = x*2+1 = 9

x = x*2+0 = 18

1 is added to x.

In both subsequent iterations of the loop, x is doubled. Thus the one that is originally added, is implicitly raised to the 3rd power (2^3) because it is multiplied up as many times as there are digits in the number.

int x;

int sum;

sum=0;

x=1;

do {

sum=sum+x*(binNum%10);

x*=2;

} while((binNum/=10)>0);

return sum;

}

float bintofloat(float binNum2){

float y;

float summ;

summ=0.0;

y=0.5;

while( y > 0.001 ){

binNum2 *= 10;

summ=summ+y*(int)(binNum2+

y*=0.5;

binNum2 -= (int)(binNum2+.5);

}

return summ;

}

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Ok. There seems to be some confusion over what integer, float, decimal, and bin all represent. The function bin2dec() is a good indication of the problem.

bin2dec() seems to form of log10(x), returning a mask that represents the log10() of the original number. 4 return 1, 21 return 3, 176 returns 7, 4512 returns, 0xF, etc.

In C, all numbers ARE binary, no matter what the type is. (C doesn't support BCD or packed decimal.)

So what are you trying to accomplish and maybe I can be more help.

Kent