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Handling errors in getline

Posted on 2003-11-08
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Last Modified: 2011-09-20
I am able to load a file just fine with the following:

    char HoldLineData[300];
    ifstream fin(LOAD_FILENAME);

    while (!fin.eof()) {
        fin.getline(HoldLineData,300);
            // Process line here
        }
    }

However, if the streamsize is greater than 300 in one particular line, naturally getline will fail, and nasty things happen to the processing of the line.  So, I check for a failure as follow:

    char HoldLineData[300];
    ifstream fin(LOAD_FILENAME);

    while (!fin.eof()) {
        fin.getline(HoldLineData,300);
            if (fin.fail()) {
                fin.clear();
            } else {
                // Process line here
            }
        }
    }

This code runs fine, providing there is data in the final line of the program.  However, if the final line of the file is is empty, eof is not reached and my program crashes.  

Should I be using a different method of extracting data, or have I made an error in my code?
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Question by:derekpapesch
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2 Comments
 
LVL 15

Accepted Solution

by:
efn earned 50 total points
ID: 9707147
What I think is going on:

When the last line of input is non-empty, reading it sets eof and doesn't set fail, so the line gets processed and the loop terminates.

When the last line is empty, reading it sets both eof and fail.  The code then clears both eof and fail and so the loop continues indefinitely, reading, failing, and clearing.

I don't see how it would crash, but maybe this kind of loop is what you meant.  Or maybe your library works differently from the one with which I tested (Visual C++ 6.0).

To fix it, you could change the fail test to:

            if (fin.fail() && !fin.eof()) {

--efn
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Author Comment

by:derekpapesch
ID: 9709331
Ahhh!  That is so logical, It didn't occur to me that eof was also cleared by my clear().  

You're right, it is a infinite loop, I was crashing out of the ap.  

Thanks a million!
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