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VB Significant Digits function

Posted on 2003-11-09
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Last Modified: 2010-08-05
Does anyone have a visual basic function that will return a passed number with a requested number of significant digits?
For example:
X = 1.233412
Y = FixSigFigs(X,3) 'I want Y to have 3 significant digits.

Function FixSigFigs( NumberToFix as double, SigFigs as Integer)

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Question by:kar8942
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8 Comments
 
LVL 48

Assisted Solution

by:AlexFM
AlexFM earned 83 total points
ID: 9709953
Round Function

Returns a number rounded to a specified number of decimal places.
Round(expression [,numdecimalplaces])

Dim MyVar, pi
pi = 3.14159
MyVar = Round(pi, 2) ' MyVar contains 3.14.

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Assisted Solution

by:Mike Tomlinson
Mike Tomlinson earned 83 total points
ID: 9709955
Public Function FixSigFigs(NumberToFix As Double, SigFigs As Integer) As Double
    Dim textNumber As String
    Dim decimalPlace As Integer
    Dim digitsToRight As Integer
   
    FixSigFigs = NumberToFix ' If no change, return original number
    textNumber = CStr(NumberToFix)
    decimalPlace = InStr(textNumber, ".")
    If decimalPlace > 0 Then
        digitsToRight = Len(textNumber) - decimalPlace
        If digitsToRight > SigFigs And SigFigs >= 0 Then
            FixSigFigs = CDbl(Left(textNumber, decimalPlace + SigFigs))
        End If
    End If
End Function
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 9710584
You didn't specify as to whether you wanted rounding or not.  Use the Round() function, as AlexFM suggested, if you need rounding to occur.  Otherwise, use my function if you simply want to truncate the number to the requested number of digits.
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LVL 6

Accepted Solution

by:
VK earned 84 total points
ID: 9714620
hello kar8942 !

That isn't a simple task in general.
Of course you can use the built in round function of vb.
But this function isn't country-independent.

Example:

? round(1.145,2)
 1,14
? round(1.245,2)
 1,25

In germany for example round(1.145,2) should be 1.15.
Therefore i wrote a user defined function:

Public Function RoundIt(Number As Variant, ByVal NumDigitsAfterDecimal As Long) As Variant
    Select Case True
        Case Not IsNumeric(Number)
            RoundIt = Number
        Case Else
            NumDigitsAfterDecimal = 10 ^ NumDigitsAfterDecimal
            RoundIt = Int(CDec(CDec(0.5) + CDec(Number) * CDec(NumDigitsAfterDecimal))) / CDec(NumDigitsAfterDecimal)
    End Select
End Function

regards

V.K.
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:Mike Tomlinson
ID: 9872472
What did you decide to use?
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LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 10163002
kar8942 got two ways: rounding and truncating. He should decide what he need. Without his response I think points should be splitted.
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Author Comment

by:kar8942
ID: 10164264
Neither answer actually worked, but I will split the points anyway. Thanks.
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