Access Query / Expression :total of multiple feilds

This should be simple looking to sum up all of these route times but when i run the query the total feild is empty why and how do I fix it ????

here is the query>

SELECT route.RouteType, route.RouteName, route.UnitType, [route]![Shear]+[route]![Amada]+[route]![Brake]+[route]![Spot]+[route]![Router]+[route]![Buff]+[route]![Powder]+[route]![Weld]+[route]![Deburr]+[route]![ReShear]+[route]![Radius]+[route]![Insert]+[route]![Drill]+[route]![CutoffSaw]+[route]![Notcher]+[route]![StoneSaw]+[route]![Hinge Emboss] AS totaltime, route.Shear, route.Amada, route.Brake, route.Spot, route.Router, route.Buff, route.Powder, route.Weld, route.Deburr, route.ReShear, route.Radius, route.Insert, route.Drill, route.CutoffSaw, route.Notcher, route.StoneSaw, route.[Hinge Emboss], *
FROM route;
cmmonlineAsked:
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Arthur_WoodCommented:
if ANY of the fields that are prt of the total is a NULL, then the Sum will result in a NULL value.

This looks like a very bad design, having all of those fields in the same record.

but since that is what you have, then you MUST account for the possible NULL values, using the NZ function:

SELECT route.RouteType, route.RouteName, route.UnitType, NZ([route]![Shear],0)+nz([route]![Amada],0)+nz([route]![Brake],0)+nz([route]![Spot],0)+nz([route]![Router],0)+nz([route]![Buff],0)+nz([route]![Powder],0)+nz([route]![Weld],0)+nz([route]![Deburr],0)+nz([route]![ReShear],0)+nz([route]![Radius],0)+nz([route]![Insert],0)+nz([route]![Drill],0)+nz([route]![CutoffSaw],0)+nz([route]![Notcher],0)+nz([route]![StoneSaw],0)+nz([route]![Hinge Emboss],0) AS totaltime, route.Shear, route.Amada, route.Brake, route.Spot, route.Router, route.Buff, route.Powder, route.Weld, route.Deburr, route.ReShear, route.Radius, route.Insert, route.Drill, route.CutoffSaw, route.Notcher, route.StoneSaw, route.[Hinge Emboss], *
FROM route;

a MUCH better and safer design would be to have a separate RouteTimes Table, :

RouteTime
------------------
RouteType
RouteStep
RouteTime

the Route Steps could then be either Strings like "ReShear", "Radius","Insert" etc, or else, if theses steps might change in the future, the have another table (Steps), and use the Primary key from that Table in the RouteTime Table.


The NZ function returns the value of the Field if it is NOT Null, and the value of the second argument (0 in the above) is the field IS NULL.

AW

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