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Replacing a Windows 2000 Small Business Server machine with another

Posted on 2003-11-11
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Hello,

I am responsible for maintaining the computers for a small group of people.  They currently have a Windows 2000 Small Business Server PC with Exchange 2000.  That machine is getting old so they ordered a new system with the same versions of operating system and Exchange.  They would like to make the new system work like their existing system and then retire the older computer.  So what I need to do is to perform this replacement.  So what all do I need to do to make this happen?  

a)  I would like to copy all their shared folders over with the same permissions and file owners.  Is this possible?
b)  I know I need to run the Exchange migration wizard to copy over their e-mail messages.  Will this also copy over their shared contacts and shared calendars that they access in Outlook?  If not, how do I do this?  (This is critical for this organization.)
c)  How do I copy everything that's in the old computer's Active Directory to the new system's Active Directory?
d)  Is there anything else I need to do or settings I need to copy?  (For instance, run dcpromo to demote the old system as a domain controller.)

Thanks,

John Sheppard
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Question by:John_Sheppard
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Expert Comment

by:boilermaker2k
ID: 9727509
The best bet here for everything would be to leave the current server intact when you bring up the new one.  First you're gonna have the second server become a backup domain controller.

Do this by going to Start->Run->DCPROMO.  This will walk you through joining the domain.

Once it's a domain controller you'll be have the new server 'transfer' control of the 4 (or 5 depending who you ask) FSMO roles  (Schema, Domain Role Owner, PDC Role, RID Pool manager, Infrastrcuture Owner).

Information on doing this can be find here: http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=255690

If this gets weird you can 'seize' the roles by doing the tasks here:
http://is-it-true.org/nt/nt2000/atips/atips56.shtml

You'll need to get the Windows 2000 Support Tools package to get the ntdsutil application.  Google it to find the download.

With this, you can recreate your shares with ease (copying).  Just remember you won't be able to retain the same NETBIOS server name (and attempting to do so would be a bad idea in my opinion).  So a share that was once OLD_SERVER\SHARE_NAME will become NEW_SERVER\SHARE_NAME

As to the exchange question I'm not too sure but I believe the migration utility will take care of all of that (99% sure).  

If I were you I'd also keep that server locked up for a month and not attempt to reuse it (and if you can afford it, don't ever reuse it).

Good luck.
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snowsurfer earned 2000 total points
ID: 9728538
I am 99percent sure with small business server you cannot have two domain controllers so I am afraid boilermakers idea wont quite work.

Depending on how small the group of people is, it will be WAY easier to make PST files for them and then reimport them into a fresh Exchange.

You can do this will all the contacts and such as well.

You will have to recreate AD

Try and talk them out of Small Business Server, its not worth it in the long run.  If all the are using is File/Print and Exhange, then just get separate copies and install them on the new server.  This is a way better long term solution, otherwise count on this mess again in two-three years.  If you were not small business server you could bring up the new server and install exchange.  AD would replicate on its own, you would use the move mailbox command to get the mail over.  You would rehome the public folders and they would replicate on their own and then demote the old server.

Much easier that way
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