file handling in java

hi , i am in a trouble  for  input/output  in java file handling. suppose i have a file

"data.txt"  which conatins a matrix (say n x m dimension) . elements are  some number. i want to read each of  those numbers and want to do some mathematical operation on each of  this , then want a output in a file. how can i do this?

something like this............

read a number from file
do some operation on that number.
send that to the output file.
read next number.
repeat the above steps.

I AM IN A CONFUSED STATE BY WATCHING SO MANY STREAMS AND FILE HANDLING MANNERS IN THE BOOK. I THINK MOST OF THE DATA FILE  ARE  LIKE ABOVE . SO I WANT A GENERAL PROCEDURE TO DO THE FILE-HANDLING OPERATIONS. CAN ANYBODY HELP PLZZZZZZZ....
THANKS

sanko50Asked:
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TraltixxCommented:
this is the simple way:
to write a file in java (assuming you want to write an integer):

String filepath = "data.txt"; //this is where the data is going to be written to
int data = 5; //this is the data that is going to be written
File outFile = new File(filepath);
FileOutputStream outFileStream = new FileOutputStream(outFile);
DataOutputStream outDataStream = new DataOutputStream(outFileStream);

outDataStream.writeInt(data);

outDataStream.close();

to read a file in java (assuming you want to read an integer):

String filepath = "data.txt"; //this is where the data is going to be read from
int data; //this is the data that is going to be stored
File inFile = new File(filepath);
FileInputStream inFileStream = new FileInputStream(inFile);
DataInputStream inDataStream = new DataInputStream(inFileStream);

data = inDataStream.readInt();

inDataStream.close();


to repeat the steps..just loop the code..or repeat it several times..it might be useful to give an example input file n output of it...hope this helps!
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sanko50Author Commented:

ok...but how do the file understanad the end of file(EOF).

i.e something like below...

 while( file data does not end) // HOW DO I CHECK THIS??
  {
      read data one by one and do mathematical operation
   }

PLZ WHAT I SHOULD  WRITE TO CHECK WHEN THE FILE DATA DOES NOT END. B'COZ AT LAST IT WILL FACE  EOF FLAG.

THANKS...
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sanko50Author Commented:
hello.... is there anybody ??? plz give some comments.

thanks
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TraltixxCommented:
well...assuming when you read..your statement would look something like this:

String filepath = "data.txt"; //this is where the data is going to be read from
int[] data; //this is the data that is going to be stored
int counter;
try{
File inFile = new File(filepath);
FileInputStream inFileStream = new FileInputStream(inFile);
DataInputStream inDataStream = new DataInputStream(inFileStream);
counter=0;
while (counter>=0)
{
data[counter] = inDataStream.readInt();
counter++;
}

inDataStream.close();
}
catch (EOFException e) { //some code to say that it has reached EOF}  //I cant remember the exception for EOF, but i think thats it

hope it works
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sanko50Author Commented:

...but counter is always positive (as it is counter++) . it will never bcome negative.....so the loop will not be terminated. are u sure the above code works???




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TraltixxCommented:
There is a EOFException which will "catch" the code if it reach EOF, thus counter should not be a problem (and yes it works)...the loop will be terminated at the catch statement.
hope it helps
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sanko50Author Commented:
thanks.i got it.....  it is the  EOFException that will handle the  end-of-file. thank u very much.
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