Solved

STOP : c0000218 error

Posted on 2003-11-17
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Last Modified: 2010-04-13
I have had this problem before and had to reinstall winn 2k adv ser, but think it's down to the RAM stick.  The defected hive is \sys32\conf\software.  Prob came about whilst watching a vcd in RealPlayer and blue screen of death came up. I Restarted in hope that it would sort it out itself but forgot 2 go last good config.

I have no reg backup I know of and do not have access to the cd anymore, still have accces to hard drive though through win xp on another hard drive.

Also how do I access Recovery Console as I was told typing "chkdsk /p" might help.

Thanks in advance
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Question by:scottybwoy
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by:LucF
ID: 9763544
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by:LucF
ID: 9763553
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by:scottybwoy
ID: 9763561
Cheers but I don't hav sp2/3 installed, no net access at home but got that software anyway
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by:LucF
ID: 9763568
Sorry for the multiple posts, but you wanted to know how to get to the recovery console.

To start the Recovery Console:
Start your computer with the Windows 2000 Setup floppy disks, or with the Windows 2000 CD-ROM. At the "Welcome to Setup" screen, press F10, or press R to repair, and then C to start the Recovery Console.
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Author Comment

by:scottybwoy
ID: 9764153
cheers, how would i go about fixing it in recovery console or via win xp on a second hard drive?
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LucF earned 250 total points
ID: 9764278
see the last link I gave you:

RESOLUTION
To resolve this issue, follow these steps:
Start your computer by running the Recovery Console, run the chkdsk /p command on the drive, and then restart your computer. Test to determine whether the issue is resolved. If the issue is resolved, do not complete the remaining steps. If the issue is not resolved, go to step 2.
When Windows loads, press SPACE BAR when the "Load Last Known Good" message appears.
Complete a parallel installation, and restore the registry files from a tape backup. To do so:
Reinstall Windows in a separate folder.
Restore the registry hives that are found in the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\Config subfolder.
If you do not have a tape backup, include the backup of network servers and production workstations.
NOTE: If Windows is stored on a FAT partition, you can restore the files by using another computer and by copying the registry hive files to the %SYSTEMROOT%\System32\Config subfolder.

LucF
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Expert Comment

by:MikeGascoigne
ID: 9777305
CAUSE
This behavior can occur if one of the following conditions is true:

A Promise Technology, Inc. ATA66 PCI controller card is installed in the computer. This issue typically occurs during the Windows 2000 installation process.
 
The System hive in the registry is damaged or missing.

Windows 2000 may be unable to load the registry if it is too large. This issue can occur when a process writes too much data to the System subkey in the registry. The System subkey is designed to contain only the information that is necessary to boot the computer.

Computers that are based on Intel architecture or ARC (RISC) architecture can only use 16 megabytes (MB) of memory at this stage of the boot process. The System registry subkey has to share the 16 MB with the loader, kernel, HAL, and boot drivers. In some instances, the size of the System subkey may be 13 MB or larger.
RESOLUTION
WARNING : Using Registry Editor incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk.

For information about how to edit the registry, view the "Changing Keys and Values" Help topic in Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) or the "Add and Delete Information in the Registry" and "Edit Registry Data" Help topics in Regedt32.exe. Note that you should back up the registry before you edit it. If you are running Windows NT or Windows 2000, you should also update your Emergency Repair Disk (ERD).

To resolve this issue, use the appropriate method.

Remove the Promise Technology ATA66 PCI Controller
If this issue occurs during the Windows 2000 installation process and a Promise ATA66 controller is installed in your computer, remove the Promise Technology ATA66 PCI controller card, check your BIOS settings to make sure that the IDE controller on your motherboard is enabled, and then run Windows 2000 Setup again.

Restore a Backup of the System Hive
Use the Repair Console tool to replace the backup copy of the System hive from the repair folder. If the Repair Console tool is not installed on your computer, you can run it from the Emergency Repair process:

Use the Windows 2000 CD-ROM or the Windows 2000 Startup disk to start the computer.
When you see the "Welcome to Setup" message, press R for "repair."
Press C to run the Recovery Console tool.
Select the installation that you want to repair.
Type the administrator password.
If the computer is a domain controller, type the password for Directory Services Restore Mode when you are prompted to do so.

For additional information about the Recovery Console tool, click the article numbers below to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
Q239803 How to Change the Recovery Console Administrator Password on a Domain Controller

Q223301 Protection of the Administrator Account in the Offline SAM

At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following commands, pressing ENTER after you type each command:
cd system32\config
ren system system.old
ren system.alt systemalt.old

If you have run the Emergency Repair Disk Wizard from Windows Backup and Recovery tools, copy the backup of the System hive from the %SystemRoot%\Repair\Regback folder.

If you have not run the Emergency Repair Disk Wizard, copy the default System hive from the %SystemRoot%\Repair folder.

IMPORTANT : You need to restore the most recent copy of the System hive. You also need to reinstall any hardware device drivers or programs that run as services that you installed since the last time that you updated your Emergency Repair Disk.

To copy the default System hive, type the following command, and then press ENTER:
copy c:\winnt\repair\system to copy the default system hive

To copy the System hive that was backed up the last time that you ran the Emergency Repair Disk Wizard, type the following command, and then press ENTER:

copy c:\winnt\repair\regback\system

At the command prompt, type exit , and then press ENTER to restart your computer.
Reduce the Size of the System Hive
If a large number of resources are shared on the computer, the registry may become too large. To resolve this issue, use the following steps.

Start registry editor (Regedt32.exe).
Locate and click the following key in the registry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\LanmanServer\Shares

On the Registry menu, click Save Key .
In the File name box, type Shares.new , and then click Save .
Locate and click the following key in the registry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE

On the Registry menu, click Load Hive .
In the list of files, click the System.old file, and then click Open .
In the Key Name box, type System.old , and then click OK .
Locate and click the following key in the registry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Select

Note the setting for the Default value.
Locate and click the following key in the registry
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System.old\ControlSet x \Services\LanmanServer\Shares

where x is the number that you noted in step 8.

 

On the Registry menu, click Save Key .
In the File name box, type Shares.old , and then click Save .
Restore the Shares.new key to the System.old registry hive:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System.old\ControlSetx\Services\LanmanServer\Shares

Click the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System.old key.
On the Registry menu, click Unload Hive .
Quit Registry Editor.
Restart the computer to the Recovery Console.
At the command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line:
ren system system.org
ren system.old system

At the command prompt, type exit , and then press ENTER to restart the computer.
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