Go Premium for a chance to win a PS4. Enter to Win

x
?
Solved

graphics drawimage -- requires refresh

Posted on 2003-11-17
11
Medium Priority
?
567 Views
Last Modified: 2012-08-14
I've asked a previous question about this, although previously the image wasn't displaying at all.  (http://www.experts-exchange.com/Programming/Programming_Languages/Java/Q_20799877.html)

Now, the jsp page calls the servlet and the page loads with the image, only the text is on top of a black box (the desired width/height of the image), not the background image...It requires a page refresh (F5) to display the background image as expected.

The servlet utilizes MediaTracker prior to drawing and graphics.drawImage() returns true....yet a black screen.

Is there something missing in the servlet or something I need to add to the jsp to display the image on load?

Here's the code again:

      res.setContentType("image/jpeg");

      ServletOutputStream out = res.getOutputStream();
      BufferedOutputStream bout = new BufferedOutputStream(out);

     int imageWidth = 597;
     int imageHeight = 769;
     
     BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage ( imageWidth,
            imageHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB );
     Graphics g = image.getGraphics ();

     Image imageS = null;
     Toolkit toolkit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit ();

     try {
         imageS = toolkit.getImage(stationaryFilename);
     }
     catch (Exception e) {System.err.println("Exception: " + e.getMessage ()); }

    try {
      MediaTracker imageTracker = new MediaTracker (new Frame ());
      imageTracker.addImage (imageS, 0);
      imageTracker.waitForID (0);
    }
    catch(Exception e) {}

     g.drawImage (imageS, 0, 0, null);
     g.drawString("Hello World", 0, 0);

      JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(bout);
      JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(image);
      param.setQuality(50f, true);
      encoder.encode(image, param);
     
      bout.close();
      out.close();
0
Comment
Question by:sapientconceptions
11 Comments
 
LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 9766606
Try setting the content length as well
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 9767037
Check for errors from MediaTracker.
Try also using MediaTracker to wait for 'image'.
0
 

Author Comment

by:sapientconceptions
ID: 9769069
Thanks objects, but that didn't help at all.

CEHJ, can you offer example code for setting the content length of the jpeg?
0
Industry Leaders: We Want Your Opinion!

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!

 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 9769100
Are you always using the same image, or different images?
0
 

Author Comment

by:sapientconceptions
ID: 9771014
There are 3 images...they are always the same, but are user defined.

If you're interested, you can see the preview here: http://66.111.11.8/index2.jsp -- the third page or so is the preview page.  You will see how it displays and the behavior.
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 9774420
So it works sometimes, and not others?

I tried it and it worked fine.
 Can u posy your latest code so we're all looking at the same code.
0
 

Author Comment

by:sapientconceptions
ID: 9775910
Thank you for your help.  Yes, it works at times and sporadically you may get a black screen.  At first I thought it may have been the server, but the production machine behaves the same.  (Even if after you get to the preview page and it displays fine, if you back up to the stationary page and select a new piece, it sometimes 'goes black')

Here is the code I have currently (additional things were added recently just for experimentation purposes):

    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res)
      throws IOException, ServletException
    {
      res.setContentType("image/jpeg");
      
      String stationaryFilename = stationary.getPreviewFilename ();

         //I know you said i didn't need this line, but didn't work with just String.
      URL imageURL = getClass().getResource(stationaryFilename);

      String urlString = imageURL.toString();
      ServletOutputStream out = res.getOutputStream ();

      int imageWidth = 0;
      int imageHeight = 0;
      
      if(urlString.indexOf("preview_workshop") != -1)
          {
            imageWidth = 597;
            imageHeight = 769;
          }
      else if(urlString.indexOf("preview_santa") != -1)
          {
            imageWidth = 598;
            imageHeight = 771;
          }
      else if(urlString.indexOf("preview_scroll") != -1)
          {
            imageWidth = 597;
            imageHeight = 762;
          }

      BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage (imageWidth, imageHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
      Graphics g = image.createGraphics ();

      Image imageS = null;
      Toolkit toolkit = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit ();

      try {
          imageS = toolkit.getImage(imageURL);
      }
      catch (Exception e) {System.err.println("Exception: " + e.getMessage ()); }

      ImageObserver observer = new ImageObserver ()
                                     {
                                       public boolean imageUpdate (Image img, int flags,
                                                                   int x, int y, int w, int h)
                                       {
                                         return (flags & (ALLBITS | ABORT)) == 0;
                                       }
                                     };

      MediaTracker imageTracker = new MediaTracker (new Frame ());
      
      try
        {
            imageTracker.addImage (image, 0);
            imageTracker.addImage (imageS, 1);
                imageTracker.waitForAll();

            if(imageTracker.isErrorAny ())
              System.err.println("imageTracker error...");

            if(imageTracker.checkAll())  //always returns true
              System.err.println("All images have finished loading");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        { System.err.println("error with MediaTracker: "  +e.getMessage ()); }

      boolean imageDrawn = g.drawImage (imageS, 0, 0, imageWidth, imageHeight, observer);
      
      InputStream is = getClass().getResourceAsStream("LCALLIG.TTF");
      Font font = null;
        
      try{
          font = Font.createFont (Font.TRUETYPE_FONT, is);
      }
      catch(FontFormatException ffe) {System.err.println(ffe.getMessage()); }

      g.setFont(font.deriveFont(11f));
      g.setColor(Color.red);
      
      //Code for added text removed...

        g.dispose ();
      JPEGImageEncoder encoder = JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(out);
      encoder.encode(image);

      out.close ();
    }
0
 
LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:objects
ID: 9776056
strange, if you use the following  do you get a red rectangle instead of a black one?


g.drawImage (imageS, 0, 0, Color.red, null);
try
{
  imageTracker.addImage (image, 0);
  imageTracker.waitForAll();

  if(imageTracker.isErrorAny ())
      System.err.println("imageTracker error...");

  if(imageTracker.checkAll())  //always returns true
      System.err.println("All images have finished loading");
}
catch (Exception e)
{ System.err.println("error with MediaTracker: "  +e.getMessage ()); }
0
 

Author Comment

by:sapientconceptions
ID: 9776564
No, that didn't work, just resulted in empty image symbol.

But thatnks anyway for all your help, but after being redirected by someone to the ImageIO class, I've fixed the problem and reduced the code to:

      URL imageURL = getClass().getResource(stationaryFilename);
      String urlString = imageURL.toString();
      ServletOutputStream out = res.getOutputStream ();

      BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(imageURL);
      Graphics g = image.createGraphics ();

        //removed the addition of text...

      ImageIO.write(image, "jpg", out);
      out.close ();

For anyone else that may run into this problem later...it seems the behavior of the black rectangle appearing sometimes (especially for the first time) is typical with one specific problem....using the image object before it got loaded into memory.  With headless environements you can not use frames or windows, so you cannot use MediaTracker either (it just gets HeadlessException thrown without waiting for anything)...instead use the javax.imageio package to load images.

Thanks again for you help, and I hope this helps others.
0
 
LVL 1

Accepted Solution

by:
DarthMod earned 0 total points
ID: 11688313
Submitted to PAQ with points refunded (50)

DarthMod
Community Support Moderator
0

Featured Post

[Webinar] Cloud and Mobile-First Strategy

Maybe you’ve fully adopted the cloud since the beginning. Or maybe you started with on-prem resources but are pursuing a “cloud and mobile first” strategy. Getting to that end state has its challenges. Discover how to build out a 100% cloud and mobile IT strategy in this webinar.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

After being asked a question last year, I went into one of my moods where I did some research and code just for the fun and learning of it all.  Subsequently, from this journey, I put together this article on "Range Searching Using Visual Basic.NET …
Introduction This article is the last of three articles that explain why and how the Experts Exchange QA Team does test automation for our web site. This article covers our test design approach and then goes through a simple test case example, how …
Viewers will learn about arithmetic and Boolean expressions in Java and the logical operators used to create Boolean expressions. We will cover the symbols used for arithmetic expressions and define each logical operator and how to use them in Boole…
Viewers will learn about basic arrays, how to declare them, and how to use them. Introduction and definition: Declare an array and cover the syntax of declaring them: Initialize every index in the created array: Example/Features of a basic arr…
Suggested Courses

885 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question