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Passing Template to a Template function.

Posted on 2003-11-22
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Last Modified: 2010-04-17
I have defined a template class in following way,

template <class T>
class Vars
{
public:
static int x;
};

class vars0{};
class vars1{};
class vars1{};

typedef Vars<vars0> temp0;
typedef Vars<vars1> temp1;
typedef Vars<vars2> temp2;

int temp0::x =0;
int temp1::x =1;
int temp2::x =2;

I am trying to write a function that will copy the static member variables from one instance of above template class to another

I have tried this&#8230;

template<Vars<typename> class B, Vars<typename> class C>
void Copy()
{
B::x = C::x;
}

&#8230;but is not working.

How can above functionality be implmented. I would also like to insure that the typename passed to this template function should be of type Vars<class T> (though T can be any type)
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Question by:shuklasunil
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4 Comments
 
LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 9803541
template <class T>
class Vars
{
public:
static int x;
};

class vars0{};
class vars1{};
class vars2{};

typedef Vars<vars0> temp0;
typedef Vars<vars1> temp1;
typedef Vars<vars2> temp2;


template<class B, class C>
void Copy()
{
    B::x = C::x;
}

int temp0::x = 0;
int temp1::x = 1;
int temp2::x = 2;


int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
    Copy<temp2, temp0>();
    cout << temp2::x << endl;

    return 0;
}
0
 
LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:AlexFM
ID: 9803553
You don't need here template template parameters since parameters of Copy function are ordinal classes. temp2 and temp0 in this case are ordinal C++ classes which are instantiations of Vars template.
Trying to pass classes without static x member to Copy template will not compiled.
0
 
LVL 48

Accepted Solution

by:
AlexFM earned 250 total points
ID: 9803652
By the way, you can read about template template parameters here:
http://www.codeproject.com/cpp/template2003.asp

But not all C++ compilers support this feature.
0
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:n_fortynine
ID: 9804878
>>I would also like to insure that the typename passed to this template function should be of type Vars<class T> (though
>>T can be any type)

What you want is technically NOT possible, because the function itself must know about the name(s) in the scope, that is whether it(they) refer(s) to a name (a template) or a type. ...Unless you want to specialize your function template for all possible/desired cases of Vars<T>. Probably not what you're asking for. :)

>>How can above functionality be implmented?

I haven't tried this myself, but I would make class Vars an inheritance of a non-template class, i.e.
template <typename T> class Vars : public VarsBase { ... };
then allow you function to take variables of this type VarsBase.
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