Windows NT Domains and Local System Account

Greetings


Does anyone know how I can make a clear destinction between a user that logged into an NT domain and one that logs unto a local system account.

With my Microsoft client, I have the option to either log onto the domain or log in with a local system account.

I would like some code that will indicate whether I am on the domain or a local account.

Any pointers or samples will be greatly appreciated.

Thanks in advance.
 Engwi
EngwiAsked:
Who is Participating?
I wear a lot of hats...

"The solutions and answers provided on Experts Exchange have been extremely helpful to me over the last few years. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc., so I know a lot of things but not a lot about one thing. Experts Exchange gives me answers from people who do know a lot about one thing, in a easy to use platform." -Todd S.

geobulCommented:
Hi,

There should be an environment variable USERDOMAIN that shows the domain name (or local computer name) you are currently logged on. Get it like:

function GetEnvStr(EnvName: AnsiString): AnsiString;
var
  Buffer: Array[1..256] of Char;
begin
  EnvName:='%'+EnvName+'%'+#0;
  ExpandEnvironmentStrings(@EnvName[1],@Buffer,SizeOf(Buffer));
  Result:=StrPas(@Buffer);
  if (Result+#0=EnvName) then Result:='';
end;

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
  ShowMessage(GetEnvStr('USERDOMAIN'));
end;

Regards, Geo
0

Experts Exchange Solution brought to you by

Your issues matter to us.

Facing a tech roadblock? Get the help and guidance you need from experienced professionals who care. Ask your question anytime, anywhere, with no hassle.

Start your 7-day free trial
Wim ten BrinkSelf-employed developerCommented:
The best way would be by using GetTokenInformation to get the user token and then use LookupAccountSid to convert the token to a username/domain name pair. Something like:

var
  hAccessToken: THandle;
  UserToken: PSIDAndAttributes;
  InfoBufferSize: DWORD;
  dwInfoBufferSize: DWORD;
  vName, vDomain: PChar;
  cbName, cbDomain: DWORD;
  peUse: SID_NAME_USE;
begin
  if OpenThreadToken(GetCurrentThread, TOKEN_QUERY, True, hAccessToken) then begin
    UserToken := nil;
    GetTokenInformation(hAccessToken, TokenUser, UserToken, 0, InfoBufferSize);
    GetMem(UserToken, InfoBufferSize);
    if GetTokenInformation(hAccessToken, TokenUser, UserToken, InfoBufferSize, dwInfoBufferSize) then begin
      cbName := 0;
      cbDomain := 0;
      vName := nil;
      vDomain := nil;
      LookupAccountSid(nil, SID, vName, cbName, vDomain, cbDomain, peUse);
      LastError := GetLastError;
      if (LastError = ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER) then begin
        GetMem(vName, cbName);
        GetMem(vDomain, cbDomain);
        if LookupAccountSid(nil, SID, vName, cbName, vDomain, cbDomain, peUse) then begin
        WriteLn(Log, 'User ', UserName, ' (', DisplayName, ') on domain ', Domain, '.');
      end;
    end;
  end;
end;

LookupAccountSid provides three types of information. The username and length of the username, the domain name and the length of the domain name and finally, the type of the account. Now, the domain name can be equal to the computer name, in which case it's a local account. Or it is the name of the domain.
0
It's more than this solution.Get answers and train to solve all your tech problems - anytime, anywhere.Try it for free Edge Out The Competitionfor your dream job with proven skills and certifications.Get started today Stand Outas the employee with proven skills.Start learning today for free Move Your Career Forwardwith certification training in the latest technologies.Start your trial today
Delphi

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.

Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.