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Printing out a list of characters and the position they are in

Posted on 2003-11-25
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Last Modified: 2010-03-04
This is a fairly simple question.  I need a perl script that takes in the following parameters:

scriptname.pl <file.txt> <starting char. index> <ending char. index>

I need the script to print out the index number and the character that is in that place in the file.  

For example, if I have a file with the following composition:
a4poiuasdlkjga g23098u>.       d;jeopaiu4095u4032q58';ejrE        kj;lkj   ao0897wu987

$> scriptname.pl file.txt 20 34    should return the following output:
20:9
21:8
22:u
23:>
24:.
25:
26:
27:
28:
29:
30:
31:
32:d
33:;
34:j
------->Entire String:98u>.       d;j

Thanks in advance,
Dmitriy
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Question by:Dmitriy
6 Comments
 

Assisted Solution

by:dkf360
dkf360 earned 70 total points
ID: 9819765
Here is the perl script to do what you asked.

#!/usr/bin/perl

# store arg values
$filename = @ARGV[0];
$start = @ARGV[1];
$end = @ARGV[2];
$count = 0;
$record = false;

# open file to read
open FILE, "$filename" or die "Can't open filename";

#read until end of file
while (!eof(FILE))  
{
  $count++;
  $character=getc(FILE);
 
  #print to output the given character range
  if ($count == $start) {
      $record = true;
  }
  elsif ($count > $end) {
      $record = false;
  }
  if ($record eq true) {
      print "$count:$character\n";
  }
}

close FILE;
0
 
LVL 28

Expert Comment

by:FishMonger
ID: 9819970
#!/usr/bin/perl -w

use strict;
my ($filename, $start, $end) = @ARGV;

open FILE, "$filename" or die "unable open $filename $!";

{
local $/;
my $str = <FILE>;
my @str = split //, $str;
for my $i ($start..$end) {
   print "$i: $str[$i-1]\n";
}
}
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LVL 28

Accepted Solution

by:
FishMonger earned 70 total points
ID: 9820118
Here's another option that's sililar to dkf360's but a little more efficient.

#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict;

my ($filename, $start, $end) = @ARGV;
my ($char_num, $char);

open FILE, "$filename" or die "unable open $filename $!";

while (!eof(FILE)){
   $char_num++;
   $char = getc(FILE);
   if ($char_num >= $start && $char_num <= $end) {
      print "$char_num: $char\n";
   }
}
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Assisted Solution

by:kandura
kandura earned 70 total points
ID: 9820298
How about this:

#!/usr/bin/perl

use strict;
my ($filename, $start, $end) = @ARGV;
my $buf;
my $i = $start;

open F, $filename or die "Error opening $filename: $!";
seek(F,$start,0) or die "Error seeking to $start: $!";
read(F, $buf, $end-$start) or die "Error reading character range: $!";
close F or die "Error closing $filename: $!";

print map { $i++ . ":$_$/" } split //, $buf;
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LVL 28

Expert Comment

by:FishMonger
ID: 9820325
We could make it a little more efficient if we add one more line after the print statement.

  last if $char_num == $end;

That will make it drop out of the loop after we print the last char that we want, i.e., if we're only wanting char 1..10, there is no need to read the rest of the file.
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:josephfluckiger
ID: 9821094
I just have to say you guys write amazing code. I like how we've started a who can be the briefest competition here. Instead of "FILE", we're now using "F"! I guess that's the beauty of Perl :).


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