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Selective IP NATTing from External Interface to Internal Interface

Posted on 2003-12-04
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Last Modified: 2010-03-19
I have our own internal network running the 10.x.x.x 255.x.x.x range of addresses (split into various subnets) and a client of mine also has the same issue.  The problem is all the server addresses are mapped statically. Can do do conditionally NATTing on the external interface. I would like to nat all external addresses being sent to anywhere from the client network, except to one particular C class range 10.1.2.0/24 running on our own network.

                   
        NETWORK 1 (OWN)                                                                NETWORK 2 (CLIENT)
(NAT) INSIDE                           OUTSIDE                           OUTSIDE                         INSIDE
10.x.x.x/8 ------------------192.168.x.x/24|-----------------|192.168.x.x/24------------------10.x.x.x/8
INTERNAL INT                EXTERNAL INT|                    |EXTERNAL INT                  INTERNAL INT


I should state this is the router config on the client side.
ROUTER CONFIG :
interface Ethernet0
 ip address 192.168.x.x 255.255.255.252
 no ip proxy-arp
 ip nat inside
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache
 full-duplex
 crypto map clientmap
!
interface FastEthernet0
 ip address 10.255.x.x 255.255.255.252
 no ip proxy-arp
 ip nat outside
 no ip route-cache
 no ip mroute-cache

ip nat outside source static 10.254.1.1 172.16.0.1
ip nat outside source static 10.254.1.3 172.16.0.2  (There a about 50 static mappings like this)

The router is a 1710 running IOS Image c1710-k9o3sy-mz.122-13.T9.bin

Any help would be great. Let me know if you need more information.
Would give more points but 500 seems to be the most I can give.
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Question by:steven_alilovic
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by:chicagoan
ID: 9880250
>Can do do conditionally NATTing on the external interface.
What conditions are you trying to accomodate?

>I would like to nat all external addresses being sent to anywhere from the client network,
> except to one particular C class range 10.1.2.0/24 running on our own network.
Sounds more like you need a tunnel with filters.
You're showing private IP on the link, is this point to point?
If you're trying to give the client unfettered access to some subnets, you can tunnel them in with an access list.
If you're natting to avoid network nubering overlap, I'm afraid you're stuck with your static maps.
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NicBrey earned 500 total points
ID: 9880977
You can do overlapping networks with dynamic NAT.
Config is more tricky, but works well.

You have to define an outside pool and an inside pool.
In your case it will look something like this:


ip nat pool outsidepool 172.16.0.1 172.16.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.0     <--- defines outside address pool of 100 addresses
ip nat pool inside 10.254.1.1 10.254..2 10.1.1.254 netmask 255.255.255.0  <--- defines inside address pool                              
ip nat outside source list 1 pool outsidepool                                              <--- NAT statement for incomming traffic    
ip nat inside source list 2 pool inside pool                                                 <--- NAT statement for outgoing traffic

access-list 1 permit 10.0.0.0  0.0.0.255                                                   <--- Access List defining the overlapping network without restrictions

access-list 2 deny 10.1.2.0  0.0.0.255                                                       <--- Access List defining the overlapping network with restrictions
access-list 2 permit 10.0.0.0  0.0.0.255                                                  



What I will suggest is that you use seperate access lists for defining your own network and the customer network. That will give you the flexibility of deying some subnets with the access lists like I showed above.

access-list 2 deny 10.225.0.0  0.0.255.255
access-list 2 permit 10.0.0.0  0.0.0.255



Here is a link with more details
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk648/tk361/technologies_configuration_example09186a0080093f30.shtml

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Expert Comment

by:Bing CISM / CISSP
ID: 9883892
what steven_alilovic wants is feasible, just enabling port based NAT, let those internal computers at each side can see other side's external ip adress, then access other side's internal computers via different ports after static port/address mappings established. hope it helps, bbao
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by:steven_alilovic
ID: 9890979
Sorry I should have added that the outside nat so from the remote network coming in must remain static. We are using monitoring software, so if we a pool of address for the outside nat the machines being monitored will come back on different addresses all the time. Which causes problems with the monitoring software.

I read somewhere, cant remeber can you do a static mapping of address one to one so say
10.0.0.0/24  ----> 172.168.0.0/24    so that if the IP is 10.0.0.1 external it would be mapped to 172.16.0.1/24 internal.

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Expert Comment

by:Bing CISM / CISSP
ID: 9892024
note sure is it what you need:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/software/ios122/122newft/122t/122t4/ftnatrt.htm

IMO, in the scenario you described above, your external interface should be multihomed, else the outside can not access it one to one. is it good to bind a lot of addresses on one interface?
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Expert Comment

by:chicagoan
ID: 9892510
>I read somewhere, cant remeber can you do a static mapping of address one to one so say
10.0.0.0/24  ----> 172.168.0.0/24    so that if the IP is 10.0.0.1 external it would be mapped to 172.16.0.1/24 internal.

that's what the ip nat outside source static 10.254.1.3 172.16.0.2 statements are doing, you're looking for a simpler expression?
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by:Bing CISM / CISSP
ID: 10054141
steven_alilovic, any feedback please?
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by:steven_alilovic
ID: 13891278
Thanks for all your help. This issues has been resolved.
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