Default Destructor ?

soodsandeep
soodsandeep used Ask the Experts™
on
hello experts, please tell me as c++ compiler supplies a default constructor if none is specified by user, does it in the same way provide a destructor also that will destroy the objects ?
if not, then when will those objects destroyed and when the memory alloacted to them will be dealloacted.?
thanks.
Sandeep.
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Commented:
hi sandeep,

the compiler supplies a default ctor, and a default dtor too.

say, when you have a class declaration like this:

class test {
int a;
public:
void foo() { }
};

the default ctor and dtor have been created for you by the compiler. But the only problem is, it doesn't initialize your data members.

In a case like this:
class test1 {
char* p;
public:
void foo() {}
};

the default ctor won't initialize your char*, so you need to provide a ctor which takes care of that; same with the dtor. It won't destruct the char* contained inside the object, when the default dtor is called.


hope this helps

Commented:
Just to add to above comment, the default destructor will delete the pointer (char*) p, but it will not delete what p is pointing to.

In general, anything that is create via new or malloc in the constructor, will not be deleted or free in the default destructor.
Duy PhamFreelance IT Consultant

Commented:
Default destructor does not release content of poiter attributes. That means if you have a member property is a pointer, you must do the delete or free yourself. Only reference variables are deleted automatically with default destructor.

In, C++ when you did not specify a default contructor will be created for you. C++ classes have two types of constructor : Default Constructor and Default Copy Constructor which will be automatically created when you do not implement them. But when you define a constructor, the default will be omitted.

Remember that, default copy constructor and default destructor are only good if there is no pointer member in your class, because defaults only copy or delete which the class contains, not links ( I mean pointers are links ).

Author

Commented:
Hello PDuy !!
thanks for your reply. could you please explain the first sentence "Default destructor does not release content of poiter attributes".
thanks.
Freelance IT Consultant
Commented:
Hi soodsandeep, please see the sample below :

class A
{
    public void Print() { printf("I am A object !\n"); }
};

class B
{
   A* pA;

   public B()
   {
        pA = new A();
   }

   public void Print()
   {  
      printf("I am B object ! I have a property as pointer to A object \n");
      pA->Print();
   }
};

In this case, if you create a B object and delete it, only the 4 bytes of pA were deleted by default destructor. But the A object that pA linked to stayed still in memory and was not deleted. OK ?

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