Solved

CGI form to e-mail problem

Posted on 2003-12-09
3
274 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-25
Hi,

I'm trying to create a perl script that will send an e-mail to me based on entries on an HTML form on my web page. However, I can't get it working, and get no useful message from my web-hosting company- a page is displayed that just says 'there is an error with your script'.
However, if I take out one line - close(MAIL); - the script executes printing the following:

Mail sent

Recipient names must be specified

However, the e-mail apears not to have been sent, as it doesn't arrive. Don't know why the 'Recipient names must be specified' message appears. I'd be grateful if anybody could help me with this. The code is below:

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
use strict;
use CGI qw(:all);
use CGI::Carp   qw(fatalsToBrowser);

  # Function for sending mail with an MTA like sendmail
  sub send_mail {
      my($to, $from, $subject, @body)=@_;
            my $sendmail="/usr/sbin/sendmail -oi -odq";
            open(MAIL, "|$sendmail") || die "Can't start sendmail: $!";
            print MAIL<<END_OF_HEADER;
From: $from
To: $to
Subject: $subject
END_OF_HEADER
foreach (@body) {
              print MAIL "$_\n";
                 }
           close(MAIL);
 }

print header;
my $return = param("return-addr");
if (! defined $return or ! $return) {
      print "You must supply an e-mail address<p>";
      exit;
}

my $subject = param("subject");
if (! defined $subject or ! $subject) {
      print "You must supply a subject<p>";
      exit;
}

send_mail('myname\@mydomain.net',
      $return,
      $subject,
            param("body"));

print "<p>Mail sent</p>";
0
Comment
Question by:million1977
  • 2
3 Comments
 
LVL 48

Expert Comment

by:Tintin
ID: 9926265
Your call to sendmail should be

/usr/sbin/sendmail -oi -odq -t

Have you tried using FormMail from http://nms-cgi.sourceforge.net/
0
 

Author Comment

by:million1977
ID: 9927752
Sorry,
-t should have been in there, I took it out for debugging purposes.

I've fixed the program, but still don't know why the code above didn't work.
The problem was here:

print MAIL<<END_OF_HEADER;
From: $from
To: $to
Subject: $subject
END_OF_HEADER

I changed this to:

      print MAIL "From: $from\n";
      print MAIL "To: $to\n";
      print MAIL "Subject: $subject\n";

There was no whitespace in inappropriate places in the original (which was copied direct from a textbook), so I don't know what the problem was. I'm new to Perl- any of you Perl experts know what the problem might have been?

Thanks
0
 
LVL 48

Accepted Solution

by:
Tintin earned 80 total points
ID: 9959881
You need to separate the Subject header from the body of the email, ie:

print MAIL<<END_OF_HEADER;
From: $from
To: $to
Subject: $subject

END_OF_HEADER
0

Featured Post

Master Your Team's Linux and Cloud Stack!

The average business loses $13.5M per year to ineffective training (per 1,000 employees). Keep ahead of the competition and combine in-person quality with online cost and flexibility by training with Linux Academy.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Python Encoding Problem \u2013 4 116
scripting, exchange 35 51
change the windows script file to BAT 10 41
powershell command to get a dll version remotely for many server 12 38
Ever wondered how to display how many visitors you have online. In this tutorial I will show you an easy but effective way to display the number of online visitors in WhizBase. In this article I assume you have read my previous articles and know …
This tutorial will discuss fancy secure registration forms, with AJAX technology support. In this article I assume you already know HTML and some JS. I will write the code using WhizBase Server Pages, so you need to know some basics in WBSP (you mig…
Learn the basics of while and for loops in Python.  while loops are used for testing while, or until, a condition is met: The structure of a while loop is as follows:     while <condition>:         do something         repeate: The break statement m…
Learn how to match and substitute tagged data using PHP regular expressions. Demonstrated on Windows 7, but also applies to other operating systems. Demonstrated technique applies to PHP (all versions) and Firefox, but very similar techniques will w…

773 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question