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parenthesis in regular expressions

Posted on 2003-12-10
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Last Modified: 2008-06-05

in perl I can say
"foo:bar" =~/(\w*):(\w*)/;

$firstWord=$1;
$secondWord=$2;


Is there any equivalent with Visual Basic regular expressions?

something like: (I've commented out lines that are guesses)
    Dim re As New RegExp
 '   Dim result As Object
   
    re.Pattern = "(\w*):"
'    result = re.Execute(lbFound)

'debug.print result(1)


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Question by:josephfluckiger
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JSheldon earned 125 total points
ID: 9918200
I think what your looking for is matches and match collection.  Here is a good example using that:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/script56/html/vsobjregexp.asp

For a good reference of Visual Basic Regular expressions pattern property check:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/script56/html/vspropattern.asp
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by:josephfluckiger
ID: 9918232
cool, that does the trick. sure is wordy compared to Perl, but at least I have functionality I've longed for in VB.
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by:JSheldon
ID: 9918245
Quite wordy indeed, and IMO not as powerful, but it gets the job done :)
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Expert Comment

by:Dang123
ID: 9920081
Learning.
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Expert Comment

by:LifelongLearner
ID: 11402491

The Replace method can be pressed into keeping only what you want as the match and discarding everything else, in effect extracting your submatch. The trick is to make sure your regexp matches the entire string, with your desired pieces in parentheses.

Here's a examp.le of how you can pick out substrings...

                                    $1   $2   $3   $4   $5
rgxIdentifier.Pattern = "(.*)(!\S+)(\s+)(\S+)(.*)"
   
contentLine = "stuff before the exclamation mark...  !ID ABC more stuff matching to the end of the string"

identifier = rgxIdentifier.Replace(contentLine, "$2")    'Puts $2, i.e. !ID,  into identifier. Drops $1, $3 - 5 because you didn't use them in the replacement
symbol = rgxIdentifier.Replace(contentLine, "$4")      'Puts $4, i.e. ABC, into symbol. Drops $1-3, $5 because you didn't use them in the replacement

so afterwards

identifier = "!ID"
symbol = "ABC"

just as you'd want. :-)
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