Still celebrating National IT Professionals Day with 3 months of free Premium Membership. Use Code ITDAY17


setsockopt IP_MULTICAST_IF

Posted on 2003-12-11
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2008-03-10
How can I set this option on socket?
Question by:desktop2
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 5
  • 3
LVL 18

Expert Comment

ID: 9923978
To make your life a whole lot easier, I'd suggest you install IO::Socket::Multicast as it contains all the things you need nicely wrapped into object methods.

The low level details are:
   The level for this option is SOL_IP
   Value is a ip_mreqn structure

In other words, you would call it as
   setsockopt $socket. SOL_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF, $ip_mreqn
where $socket is your socket, and $ip_mreqn is the structure mentioned above (packed of course).

Quoting 'man ip':

              Set the local device for a multicast socket.  Argu­ment is an ip_mreqn
              or ip_mreq structure similar to IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP.

Over there I read:
              Join  a  multicast  group.  Argument  is  a  struct
              ip_mreqn structure.

              struct ip_mreqn {
                  struct in_addr imr_multiaddr; /* IP multicast group address */
                  struct in_addr imr_address;   /* IP address of local interface */
                  int            imr_ifindex;   /* interface index */

              imr_multiaddr contains the address of the multicast
              group the application wants to join or  leave.   It
              must  be a valid multicast address.  imr_address is
              the address of the local interface with  which  the
              system  should  join  the multicast group; if it is
              equal to INADDR_ANY  an  appropriate  interface  is
              chosen by the system.  imr_ifindex is the interface
              index of the interface that should  join/leave  the
              imr_multiaddr   group,   or   0   to  indicate  any

              For compatibility, the  old  ip_mreq  structure  is
              still  supported.  It differs from ip_mreqn only by
              not including the imr_ifindex field. Only valid  as
              a setsockopt(2).

Author Comment

ID: 9925487
Could you please show how should I pack "ip_mreqn  $ip_mreqn" before calling setsockopt
Still having problem with it :-(

LVL 18

Expert Comment

ID: 9927515
assuming you have obtained the in_addr parts of the structure through sockaddr_in or something like that, you would do

$packed = pack "NNI", $imr_multiaddr, $imr_address, $imr_ifindex;

N   An unsigned long in "network" (big-endian) order.
I   An unsigned integer value.
Technology Partners: We Want Your Opinion!

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!


Author Comment

ID: 9928385
socket(Sock, PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
bind(Sock, sockaddr_in(0, INADDR_ANY)); # use first free port
setsockopt(Sock, SOL_IP, IP_MULTICAST_IF, $IpPacked) or DebugOut("Error setsockopt $!\n");

It returns error "Protocol not available"

Does it mean that network does not support multicast?
LVL 18

Expert Comment

ID: 9928603
No, it probably means that the constants SOL_IP and IP_MULTICAST_IF are not exported from Socket.

I dug a little deeper (with the help of the source of IO::Socket::Multicast), and the standard include files on my system.
SOL_IP is defined as 0, and IP_MULTICAST_IF is defined as 32.

Either try the setsockopt call with those values, or follow my original recommendation to use IO::Socket::Multicast.

Does your operating system support multicast?
LVL 18

Expert Comment

ID: 9928794
By the way, is there a specific reason why you're writing all this code yourself instead of using IO::Socket::Multicast?

Author Comment

ID: 9929030
It worked OK, thanks.
but I still have problem with
setsockopt(Sock, 0, 3, pack("C", 80)) or DebugOut("Error setsockopt(IP_MULTICAST_TTL) $!\n");

same error :-(

I'm not sure if Apache where I'm hosting my web site support multicast or not...
Where can I download this module IO:Socket::Multicast?
LVL 18

Accepted Solution

kandura earned 500 total points
ID: 9929137
I hope it's just a typo, because on my system IP_MULTICAST_TTL is defined as 33 (not the 3 you have in that call).

If your website is hosted on a linux machine, then you most likely have multicast support. It's not a property of Apache though, it's an OS feature.

You can find IO::Socket::Multicast on cpan:

If you have shell access to the web server, then you should be able to install it with

    perl -MCPAN -e shell

and then typing
    install IO::Socket::Multicast

If you don't have root access (most likely if this is a shared account), then you may be able to install modules into a directory you own, by setting makepl_arg to an appropriate value (within that CPAN session) by doing

o conf makepl_arg  PREFIX=~/cgi-bin LIB=~/cgi-bin/lib INSTALLMAN1DIR=~/cgi-bin/man/man1 INSTALLMAN3DIR=~/cgi-bin/man/man3

(that's one line, and it means that new modules get installed into your ~/cgi-bin/lib directory. Do it before you install anything.)

Provided that that all works, you would then be able to use those modules by first adding this line to your scripts:

use lib '/path/to/cgi-bin/lib';

and then
use IO::Socket::Multicast;


Featured Post


Modern healthcare requires a modern cloud. View this brief video to understand how the Concerto Cloud for Healthcare can help your organization.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

I've just discovered very important differences between Windows an Unix formats in Perl,at least 5.xx.. MOST IMPORTANT: Use Unix file format while saving Your script. otherwise it will have ^M s or smth likely weird in the EOL, Then DO NOT use m…
Many time we need to work with multiple files all together. If its windows system then we can use some GUI based editor to accomplish our task. But what if you are on putty or have only CLI(Command Line Interface) as an option to  edit your files. I…
Explain concepts important to validation of email addresses with regular expressions. Applies to most languages/tools that uses regular expressions. Consider email address RFCs: Look at HTML5 form input element (with type=email) regex pattern: T…
Six Sigma Control Plans

670 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question