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Combine "like" and "in" ??

Posted on 2003-12-11
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Last Modified: 2008-03-06


Is there a way to combine the "like" and "in" commands?



Here is my current query:


Select * from table where col1 like 'A%' or col1 like 'B%'


I would prefer to have a query like:

select * from table where col1 in (like 'A%', like 'B%', 'Max')

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Question by:_TAD_
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16 Comments
 
LVL 69

Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 9922864
Nope, don't think you can do that.  AFAIK, you will have to code the LIKEs and the IN separately.
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Author Comment

by:_TAD_
ID: 9922884


I figured as much, but it couldn't hurt to ask.


I'll leave this question open for a few more hours to see if anyone has found any wild or interesting way around this constraint.

Thanks!
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 9923091
select * from table where col1 in (Select * from table where col1 like 'A%', like 'B%', 'Max')
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by:_TAD_
ID: 9923203

Mikal...

  I didn't think that was possible  >>>  col like 'A%', like '%B'      ...etc
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 9923246
select * from table where col1 in (Select col1 from table where col1 like 'A%', like 'B%', 'Max')

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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 9923249
what do you mean?
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 9923251
FINAL QUERY

select * from table where col1 in (Select col1 from table where col1 like 'A%' or like 'B%' or col = 'Max')

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Author Comment

by:_TAD_
ID: 9923403

Mikal

I'm still pretty sure that you can't do that.

This statement needs the word COL1 at least once more.

select * from table where col1 in (Select col1 from table where col1 like 'A%' or like 'B%' or col = 'Max')


besides, isn't that SQL statement a bit redundant?
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Expert Comment

by:Mikal613
ID: 9923450
did you try it?
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Expert Comment

by:jonleehacker
ID: 9924561
I think this is what you're after:

select * from table where col1 in (Select col1 from table where col1 like 'A%'
                                                          or col1 like 'B%'
                                                          or col1 = 'Max')


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Expert Comment

by:appari
ID: 9925587
try something like this

select * from table where substring(col1,1,1) in ('A', 'B') or Col1 ='MAX'

this works only if you want to search like 'A%','B%'..., if you want to search '%A%','%B%', i think no other way than to use multiple like conditions.

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Accepted Solution

by:
PaulBarbin earned 50 total points
ID: 9925788
One last try:

When using pattern matching, you can search for sets or ranges that might help you out.  The set option is similar to the IN keyword but better because you don't need to separate by commas.

For example:

CREATE TABLE PatternTest (FieldtoSearch varchar(20))

INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Ant')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Bat')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Cat')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Dog')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Elephant')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Fox')
INSERT INTO PatternTest Values ('Gorilla')

To find all rows that start with the letters A, C, E, or G, you would use this statement:
SELECT * FROM PatternTest WHERE FieldtoSearch LIKE '[ACEG]%'

To find all rows that start with A, B, C, D, or E, you would use this statement
SELECT * FROM PatternTest WHERE FieldtoSearch LIKE '[A-E]%'

How's that?
Paul

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LVL 22

Author Comment

by:_TAD_
ID: 9926022



PaulBarbin...

That almost looks like you are using something like Regular Expressions.



Does SQL server 2000 support regular expressions inside the query strings?
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Expert Comment

by:ill
ID: 9926669

CREATE function  dbo.strSplitx ( @string varchar( 8000), @splitter char( 1) )
returns @res table ( id bigint primary key, rank bigint, val varchar( 8000) )
as
begin
      if substring ( @string, len ( @string), 1)<>@splitter
            set @string= @string+@splitter
      declare @start bigint, @word varchar( 8000), @charindex bigint, @i bigint
      set @i=1
      set @start=1
      set @charindex= charindex( @splitter, @string, @start)
      while (@charindex <> 0)begin
            set @word= substring( @string, @start, @charindex - @start)
            set @start= @charindex +1
            set @charindex= charindex( @splitter, @string, @start)
            insert into @res  values ( @start, @i, @word)
            set @i=@i+1
      end
      return
end
------
select * from dbo.strSplitx( 'A%,B%,MAX' , ',')   join  table on  ( col1 like val))
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Expert Comment

by:PaulBarbin
ID: 9928620
Yes, Like allows for regular expressions.  Look in BOL under LIKE, and then Pattern Matching in Searches.

Paul
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Author Comment

by:_TAD_
ID: 9931110


Excellent!

The regular expressions isn't *exactly* what I wanted, but it does get me 90% of the way there.


I think if I play with the regular expressions a little more I may be able to hammer out my flaws.  

I have used regular expressions before, but I am not an expert.  With a little practice I think I'll get where I need to go.


Thanks everyone!
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