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Posted on 2004-04-01
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Is there a way to get a database primary id  before inserting the data?
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Question by:Isaac
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by:Seth_Bienek
ID: 10734484
Hello,

The short answer is: not reliably.  Especially if multiple users are on the app, or multiple apps access the table.

Depending on your database platform, you can specify a column as an identity or sequence column, and have the insert statement return the value of the record just inserted.

If only your CF app is accessing the table, you can use a 'select max(mycolumn) from mytable' query along with your INSERT query inside a <cflock> and get consistent results.

Let me know if you'd like more elaboration on either of these methods.

Take Care,

Seth
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by:Seth_Bienek
ID: 10734487
Also,  What database platform are you on?
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by:Isaac
ID: 10734665
I am using access for now.  Some time in the future I may switch to ORACLE.
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by:Isaac
ID: 10734675
I'm new to Coldfusion.  Do you mind elaborating?
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Seth_Bienek earned 250 total points
ID: 10735303

Well, since Access does not support Identity columns (SQL Server) or sequences (Oracle, MySQL), your options are a bit more limited.

The easiest approach for you would be to open your access database and change the datatype of your primary key to "AutoNumber", then you will need to run two queries to do your insert:


<cflock scope="application" timeout="10" type="exclusive">
<cftransaction>
<cfquery datasource="...">
 INSERT INTO MYTABLE (col1, col2) VALUES ('#val1#', '#val2#')
</cfquery>
<cfquery datasource="..." name="newid">
select max(mytableid) as maxid from MYTABLE
</cfquery>
</cftransaction>
</cflock>

The value of #newid.maxid# will contain the row id of your new record.

The <cflock> will suspend other locked code from executing while this executes, to prevent it running for two users simultaneously and the instances stepping on each other.

The <cftransaction> is insurance - it will send the queries to the database server together so that they will most likely be run sequentially (unless your DB server is extremely busy)

The first table will do your insert - note that since your primary key column ('mytableid' in this example) is now an autonumber type, you don't need to provide a value for this in your query - in fact, if you do, Access will throw an error.

The second query returns the highest numeric value  of the 'mytableid' column in that table.  Since the queries run so close together and are locked, we are counting on this to be the id of the record that was just inserted.

Whew!  That was a little verbose.  But hopefully it makes more sense to you now.  Any more questions?

Regards,

Seth
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by:Isaac
ID: 10761240
What would be the effect of your code if there were simultaneous hits to the database.

Thanks.
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by:Seth_Bienek
ID: 10761298
The code that I provided would handle simultaneous hits gracefully.

Using <cflock> essentially single-threads a section of code.  Not the entire app, but the code within cflock.  So if two people requested the template at the exact same time, one of them would be queued while the other insert took place.  It happens so fast that it would most likely not even be noticible to the end user, But you are protected against simultaneous inserts, and ID's being swapped.

If you're on Access, then the likelyhood of two simultaneous requests is extremely low anyway (Access does not support the kind of traffic that would need to be hitting the app for this to be a concern).

Take Care,

Seth
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Expert Comment

by:trailblazzyr55
ID: 10782386
What is the reason you need the id before the data is sent to the database? Are you providing the record number to the user before they submit their form or on a confirmation? I may have a solution for ya, just need to see what ya got and what you're trying to do.

K'rgds,
~trail
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by:Isaac
ID: 10805088
I needed the id so I could pass it to another page.
I am new to coldfusion, so I'm using ASP experience to solve Coldfusion problem, which I'm sure is the wrong idea.
Anyway, the code in ASP is below.  How can I do the below in Coldfusion?

The code below lets me get the id of the record added to the database.

Set rConn = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.RECORDSET")
      rConn.LockType = 3
      rConn.Open "tblTest", con
      rConn.addNew()
      
      rConn("fname") = fname
      rConn("lname") = lname
               
               id = rConn("uid")

rConn.Update()
rConn.Close
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Expert Comment

by:mrichmon
ID: 10815402
The equivalent would be a cfquery

<cfquery datasource="yourdsn">
INSERT INTO tbl_Test (fname, lname)
VALUES(#fname#, #lname#)
</cfquery>

and to get the ID back out you would enclose this in a transaction if the id is a autoincrementing field.

<cftransaction action="begin">
<cfquery datasource="yourdsn">
INSERT INTO tbl_Test (fname, lname)
VALUES(#fname#, #lname#)
</cfquery>

<cfquery datasource="yourdsn" name="GetID">
SELECT MAX(id) AS NewID FROM tbl_Test
</cfquery>
<cftransaction action="commit">
</cftransaction>

Then you would access the newID as

#GetID.NewID#
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Expert Comment

by:mrichmon
ID: 10815419
Oh I just saw that Seth already gave you this answer higher up - so I am not sure why you were still asking for how to convert it into Cold Fusion code.

If you switch to Oracle or SQL then you may have options such as the @@Identity to grab the just inserted ID.

Hope these answers help.
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