Oracle: sys vs. system

Hi Experts,

I need some information about the sys and system users. What's the difference between them, and what are the options as sysdba, sysoper and normal. What do these influence?
Can I create a user, that is sysdba?

Thanx, thrash
Who is Participating?
aabbasConnect With a Mentor Commented:
SYS is the owner of all dictionary objects i.e. it owns the base objects related to oracle system. This is the most powerful user in Oracle.

SYSTEM uses the system objects of SYS as VIEWS. Oracle recommends that DBAs should use SYSTEM for administration and not SYS, to keep them from the error of mistakenly modifying/deleting system table's data, or manipulate dictionary objects/data directly. This is the 2nd powerful user in Oracle.
SYS and SYSTEM users are created by Oracle when creating a database.  The schema SYS basically owns all the dictionary objects.

SYSDBA and SYSOPER are keywords used in the connect statement.   These map to OS groups osdba and osoper.  If your OS account is in these groups you can connect using SYSDBA/SYSOPER such as:

connect / as sysdba;

connect / as sysoper;

You then get appropriate privileges associated with SYSDBA/SYSOPER.
Question has a verified solution.

Are you are experiencing a similar issue? Get a personalized answer when you ask a related question.

Have a better answer? Share it in a comment.

All Courses

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.