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file reading and writing

Posted on 2004-04-04
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Last Modified: 2010-04-22
how can i use a simple while loop to read from a buffer to a  file &&
from a file to a file in C
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Question by:achille67
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8 Comments
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:manish_regmi
ID: 10754684
hi,
 If you opened the file using open, you can use read() and write().
ssize_t read(int fd, void *buf, size_t count);

ssize_t write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count);
write to a file.

regards manish
0
 

Author Comment

by:achille67
ID: 10754716
thanks, i know i should use
ssize_t read(int fd, void *buf, size_t count);

ssize_t write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count);
but i was sure how i should call them inside another function
0
 

Author Comment

by:achille67
ID: 10754722
thanks, i know i should use
ssize_t read(int fd, void *buf, size_t count);

ssize_t write(int fd, const void *buf, size_t count);
but i wasn't sure how i should call them inside another function
0
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LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:manish_regmi
ID: 10755304
hi,
 read() function reads the data from file to memory.
fd is the descriptor of the file you get by open.
buf is the buffer used to store the data.
count is the no of bytes to read.

eg

char buf[512];
int fd;
fd=open("/xtz", O_RDWR);
read(fd, &buf, 512);


this will copy 512 bytes of data from the file /xtz to buf.

similarly.

write(fd, &buf, 512) will write the data stored in buf to the file.

regards manish


0
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:manish_regmi
ID: 10755307
hi,
 read() function reads the data from file to memory.
fd is the descriptor of the file you get by open.
buf is the buffer used to store the data.
count is the no of bytes to read.

eg

char buf[512];
int fd;
fd=open("/xtz", O_RDWR);
read(fd, &buf, 512);


this will copy 512 bytes of data from the file /xtz to buf.

similarly.

write(fd, &buf, 512) will write the data stored in buf to the file.

regards manish


0
 
LVL 12

Expert Comment

by:stefan73
ID: 10755417
Hi achille67,
> but i was sure how i should call them inside another function
declare the file descriptor in as global or pass it as argument to a function, like:

void write_single_block(int fd){
    write(fd,your_buffer,your_len);
    [...]
}

Cheers,
Stefan
0
 
LVL 8

Accepted Solution

by:
da99rmd earned 50 total points
ID: 10755574
>how can i use a simple while loop to read from a buffer to a  file
What kind of buffer ?

here is a loop that does what i think you want.
# Reads one file and write the contents to anothe.
void read_write(char *infile, char *outfile)
{
char buf[1024];
int infd,outfd;
infd=open(infile, O_RDONLY);
outfd=open(outfile.O_CREAT);
while(read(infd, &buf, 1024)) {
    write(outfd,&buff,1024);
    }
close(outfd);
close(infd);
}

/Rob
0
 

Author Comment

by:achille67
ID: 10756377
Thanks Rob, you can read people's mind. That is the dam loop!!!
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