The as operator

I frequently use the is operator but never the as operator and wonder what it is good for. Everything can be done with a simple cast...

procedure Foo(o: TObject);
begin
  if o is TMyObject then
    TMyObject(o).DoStuff;
  ...
end;

Opinions?
LVL 2
__alexAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
Russell LibbySoftware Engineer, Advisory Commented:
Something from the Borland website that I have found useful in the past

function IsAs(out ObjRef; Obj: TObject; ObjClass: TClass): Boolean;
begin

  // Determine if the the object passed in is of the desired class
  result:=Assigned(Obj) and (Obj is ObjClass);

  // Set result is successful
  if result then
     // Set out going object reference
     TObject(ObjRef):=Obj
  else
     // Set out going object reference to nil
     TObject(ObjRef):=nil;

end;

Example usage:

procedure TForm1.ComboBox1Change(Sender: TObject);
var  obj:        TComboBox;
begin

 if IsAs(obj, Sender, TComboBox) then obj.Text:='Hello world';

end;

-------------

Russell

0
 
kretzschmarCommented:
the as operator performes a safe typecast,
whereas
TMyObject(o)
is a hard unchecked typecast

see delphi online help

usual i myself use as not often

meikl ;-)
0
 
kretzschmarCommented:
from delphi help:

The as operator performs checked typecasts. The expression

object as class

returns a reference to the same object as object, but with the type given by class. At runtime, object must be an instance of the class denoted by class or one of its descendants, or be nil; otherwise an exception is raised. If the declared type of object is unrelated to class
--that is, if the types are distinct and one is not an ancestor of the other--a compilation error results.

meikl ;-)
0
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mokuleCommented:
var
  b: TMemo;
begin
  (b as TLabel).Caption;        // compilation error
  TLabel(b).Caption;             // compilation OK
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geobulCommented:
It should be:

procedure Foo(o: TObject);
begin
  if (o is TMyObject) then
    (o as TMyObject).DoStuff;
  ...
end;

Regards, Geo
0
 
__alexAuthor Commented:
@kretzschmar
Why check things twice:
if o is TMyObject then             // First check
  (o as TMyObject).DoStuff;     // Second check ???

@mokule
Good point but...
if you know b is a memo, why do you want to set its caption?
If you don't know what b is it's better to check it or an exception might be raised:
  if b is TLabel then TLabel(b).Caption := foo;

Still can't think of any (real) use of the as
0
 
__alexAuthor Commented:
@geobul -> @kretzschmar
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kretzschmarCommented:
:-)) see my first comment,

this is the difference,
the compiler developers cannot know,
if you check it before with the is-operater,
thats why the as-operator is introduced
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__alexAuthor Commented:
@kretzschmar
Ok, now I get your point, thanks!
0
 
kretzschmarCommented:
maybe this illustrates the difference,
watch about the different exceptions u get

unit Unit1;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
  Dialogs, StdCtrls;

type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    Button1: TButton;
    Button2: TButton;
    ComboBox1: TComboBox;
    ComboBox2: TComboBox;
    procedure AsTypeCastClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure HardTypeCastClick(Sender: TObject);
  private
    { Private declarations }
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;

var
  Form1: TForm1;

implementation

{$R *.dfm}

procedure ShowItems(AComboBox : TComboBox);
begin
  if assigned(AComboBox) then
    ShowMessage(AComboBox.Items.Text);
end;

//is assigned to Button1 and ComboBox1 onClick-event
procedure TForm1.AsTypeCastClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  ShowItems(sender as TComboBox);
end;

//is assigned to Button2 and ComboBox2 onClick-event
procedure TForm1.HardTypeCastClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  ShowItems(TComboBox(sender));
end;

end.

meikl ;-)
0
 
geobulCommented:
>(o as TMyObject).DoStuff;     // Second check ???

It's not a check but typecast
0
 
__alexAuthor Commented:
Very nice! It makes the code look pretty...
0
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