Using sp_password in PB

Posted on 2004-04-08
Last Modified: 2013-12-26

Currently, I change a user's password as follows:

ls_SQLText = 'sp_password ' + sapass + ', ' + newpass + ', ' + is_user

That works fine EXCEPT...

if sapass or newpass contain special characters (pretty much anything but an alpha or numeric).

How can I change the command to handle special characters?

Question by:quark122
  • 2
  • 2

Expert Comment

ID: 10787546

Have you tried using other methods of calling a procedure from PB like declaring it s RPCFUNC on transaction object or the DECLARE/EXECUTE syntax ?

LVL 15

Expert Comment

ID: 10787981
Is it sybase or sql server?

Well. It will work for all except single quote (') itself.

ls_SQLText = 'sp_password ' + sapass + ', ' + newpass + ', ' + is_user

If sapass or newpass consist of single quote then replace single quote with two single quotes ('') then it will work.

Write something like:

ll_pos = pos(sapass, "'")
If  ll_pos > 0 then
   sapass = replace(sapass, ll_pos , 1, "''")  // double quote single quote single quote double quote
end if

You may need to a loop to replace single quotes.

You can also a create a datawindow outof sp_password (d_pass) system proc and then code like this.

datastore lds_sp
lds_sp = create datastore

lds_sp.dataobject = 'd_pass'
lds_sp.Retrieve(sapass , newpass, is_user)


Author Comment

ID: 10790191
It's sybase 12.0.3/4/6 depending on the installation site.

From what I've encountered with customers attempting to use this code, it doesn't work with any special character.  sp_password errors with syntax issues at the special character.  (!, @, #, etc).

LVL 15

Accepted Solution

namasi_navaretnam earned 125 total points
ID: 10791519

Sql server allows sepacila characters in password. Sybase does not. Have you tried to create a password with special character from isql? I am sure that will fail too.

You can force the user not to enter special characters by making sle to editmask. Or you can still use sle but pop up an error message if user enters a special character. You can use match function for that. If password is 8 charchers then

If Match(newpass, "[A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9][A-Za-z0-9]") = false then
  MessageBox("Error", "Password must consist of alphanumeric characters only.")
end if

See helpfile for other pattern matching options.


Straight from help file.


Determines whether a string's value contains a particular pattern of characters.


Match ( string, textpattern )

Argument      Description
string      The string in which you want to look for a pattern of characters
textpattern      A string whose value is the text pattern
Return value

Boolean. Returns TRUE if string matches textpattern and FALSE if it does not. Match also returns FALSE if either argument has not been assigned a value or the pattern is invalid. If any argument's value is NULL, Match returns NULL.


Match enables you to evaluate whether a string contains a general pattern of characters. To find out whether a string contains a specific substring, use the Pos function.
Textpattern is similar to a regular expression. It consists of metacharacters, which have special meaning, and ordinary characters, which match themselves. You can specify that the string begin or end with one or more characters from a set, or that it contain any characters except those in a set.

A text pattern consists of metacharacters, which have special meaning in the match string, and nonmetacharacters, which match the characters themselves.
The following tables explain the meaning and use of these metacharacters:

Metacharacter      Meaning      Example
Caret (^)      Matches the beginning of a string      ^C matches C at the beginning of a string
Dollar sign ($)      Matches the end of a string      s$ matches s at the end of a string
Period (.)      Matches any character      . . . matches three consecutive characters
Backslash (\)      Removes the following metacharacter's special characteristics so that it matches itself      \$ matches $
Character class (a group of characters enclosed in square brackets ([ ]))      Matches any of the enclosed characters      [AEIOU] matches A, E, I, O, or UYou can use hyphens to abbreviate ranges of characters in a character class. For example, [A-Za-z] matches any letter
Complemented character class (first character inside the brackets is a caret)      Matches any character not in the group following the caret      [^0-9] matches any character except a digit, and [^A-Za-z] matches any character except a letter
The metacharacters asterisk (*), plus (+), and question mark (?) are unary operators that are used to specify repetitions in a regular expression:

Metacharacter      Meaning      Example
* (asterisk)      Indicates zero or more occurrences      A* matches zero or more As (no As, A, AA, AAA, and so on)
+ (plus)      Indicates one or more occurrences      A+ matches one A or more than one A (A, AAA, and so on)
? (question mark)      Indicates zero or one occurrence      A? matches an empty string ("") or A
Sample patterns  
The following table shows various text patterns and sample text that matches each pattern:

This pattern      Matches
AB      Any string that contains AB; for example, ABA, DEABC, graphAB_one
B*      Any string that contains 0 or more Bs; for example, AC, B, BB, BBB, ABBBC, and so on
AB*C      Any string containing the pattern AC or ABC or ABBC, and so on (0 or more Bs)
AB+C      Any string containing the pattern ABC or ABBC or ABBBC, and so on (1 or more Bs)
ABB*C      Any string containing the pattern ABC or ABBC or ABBBC, and so on (1 B plus 0 or more Bs)
^AB      Any string starting with AB
AB?C      Any string containing the pattern AC or ABC (0 or 1 B)
^[ABC]      Any string starting with A, B, or C
[^ABC]      A string containing any characters other than A, B, or C
^[^abc]      A string that begins with any character except a, b, or c
^[^a-z]$      Any single-character string that is not a lowercase letter (^ and $ indicate the beginning and end of the string)
[A-Z]+      Any string with one or more uppercase letters
^[0-9]+$      Any string consisting only of digits
^[0-9][0-9][0-9]$      Any string consisting of exactly three digits
^([0-9][0-9][0-9])$      Any consisting of exactly three digits enclosed in parentheses



Author Comment

ID: 10807145
Sybase does allow special characters in passwords. I've got users with passwords right now (set through sybase central I presume) that have special characters.  

I knew I could mask off special characters, but since the actual corporate protocol requires upper, lower, numeric & special character for passwords, I was trying to make this system comply as well...  Oh well.  

Thanks Namasi, points awarded.


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