# Building a tree recursively

I am doing a method to build a tree recursively. But i doubt it would work. Can someone help? I would like to supply this method with the root node, which contains a player's current coordinate in a game board. And then from there to continuously add children to the root node. Children are adjacent coordinates of the root node. I need to recursively build this tree until the depth is = 2. I am not sure if the int depth = 0 thing will overwrite itself in each recursive call or not. can someone check?

public GameTreeNode buildGameTree(GameTreeNode aNode)
{
int i=0;
int depth = 0;

if (depth != 2)
{

int pCopy1[] = new int[aNode.player.length]; // cloning 4 copies of the root's coordinate
int pCopy2[] = new int[aNode.player.length];
int pCopy3[] = new int[aNode.player.length];
int pCopy4[] = new int[aNode.player.length];

System.arraycopy(aNode.player, 0, pCopy1, 0, aNode.player.length);
System.arraycopy(aNode.player, 0, pCopy2, 0, aNode.player.length);
System.arraycopy(aNode.player, 0, pCopy3, 0, aNode.player.length);
System.arraycopy(aNode.player, 0, pCopy4, 0, aNode.player.length);

pCopy1[0]++;      // right hand path coordinate
pCopy2[0]--;      // left hand path coordinate
pCopy3[1]++;      // upper path coordinate
pCopy4[1]--;      // down path coordinate

GameTreeNode child1 = new GameTreeNode(pCopy1); // building 4 nodes a time
GameTreeNode child2 = new GameTreeNode(pCopy2);
GameTreeNode child3 = new GameTreeNode(pCopy3);
GameTreeNode child4 = new GameTreeNode(pCopy4);

aNode.addChild(child1);   // adding 4 nodes a time...

depth++;

buildGameTree(aNode.getChildAt(i));
}

}
###### Who is Participating?

Commented:
public int minimax(GameState aState, String player, int depth,int alpha, int beta)
{
if (target_level == depth)
return evaluate(aState);
else
{

Vector movements = makeMoves(aState);            // create all possible moves...

if (player.equals("min"))
{

for (int i = 0; i<movements.size();i++)
{
if (alpha<beta)
{
GameState temp = (GameState)movements.get(i);
int score = minimax(temp,"max",depth+1,alpha,beta);
if (score < beta)
{
beta = score;
}

}
return beta;
}

}

if (player.equals("max"))
{

for (int j=0;j<movements.size();j++)
{
if (alpha<beta)
{
GameState temp2 = (GameState)movements.get(j);
int score2 = minimax(temp2,"min",depth+1,alpha,beta);
if (score2>alpha)
{
alpha = score2;
bestScore = alpha;
}

}
return alpha;
}

}

return bestScore;

}

}
0

Commented:
>>I am not sure if the int depth = 0 thing will overwrite itself in each recursive call or not

Yes it will. You should make it an instance variable
0

Software engineerCommented:
I won't comment your current code.

But I think a better (OO) approach would be that each TreeNode (knowing at what dept it is) adds its own children.

something like:

class GameTreeNode extends DefaultMutableTreeNode {

private int myDepth = 0;

public GameTreeNode(Object userObject, int depth) {
super(userObject);
myDepth = depth;
}

private void addSubNodes() {
if (myDepth==2)
return;

// add a subnode (it's constructor will take care of loading its children):
add( new GameTreeNode(yourUserObject, myDepth+1) );
}

}
0

Author Commented:
is this the good way of building a tree? I am not sure actually. I mean, considering its performance. Is it fast or slow?
0

Software engineerCommented:
>> You should make it an instance variable
CEHJ means,

make
int depth

a member of the buildGameTree()'s class.

e.g.

class YourClass {
private int depth=0;

public GameTreeNode buildGameTree(GameTreeNode aNode) {
// int depth = 0;  // <<<< remove this line
}
}

>> is this the good way of building a tree?
cf. my previous comment (considering the OO design & maintainability)

>> considering its performance
I don't see a problem
Anyway, once you have to create the children.
0

Middle School Assistant TeacherCommented:
An alternative approach would be to pass the depth in to your buildGameTree()  function as one of the parameters.  When you pass in the root node, pass in the depth as zero.  Then increment your depth as you are in code and continue to make your recursive calls.

Idle_Mind
0

Commented:
public static void main(String[] args) throws java.io.IOException
{
FileReader inFile = new FileReader(args[0]);                        // creating two copies of the input file...

Yylex lexer = new Yylex(inFile);                                          // creating a lexer...
Parser parser = new Parser(lexer);                                          // creating a parser...

parser.debugParser = true;                                                // debugging tools set off by default...
parser.printAST = true;

// get the start symbol...
parser.next_symbol();
parser.nProgram();

// here we create a listing file...
parser.writeFile(inFile2);

}

0

Software engineerCommented:
Hi, wll9111, sure you put your comments in the right Q?
0

Software engineerCommented:
Strange things are happening here.
16 days wihtout further comments.
And now a comment that at first sight (I'll stay moderate) doesn't have any link to the Q is accepted within minutes.
???

jtcy, could you please comment on this?
0

Author Commented:
sorry, that;s my course mate. I told him to join here post the solution for me.
0

Software engineerCommented:
>> I told him to join here post the solution for me
Is that really the solution to your Q "how to build a tree recursively"?
????  8-O

If you can explain that you certainly deserve a ton of points.
0

Author Commented:
um...sort of, actually he posted the wrong topic but anyway I asked the question intentioned to how to implement the minimax tree recursively, so yeah.
0

Software engineerCommented:
>> actually he posted the wrong topic
There's nothing against posting the right answer (or let it post by someone you know and even accept)
But accepting the wrong answer is not so nice for all the people who'll read this Q in the future...
0
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