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Syntax used with ereg

Posted on 2004-04-14
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
Could someone explain the following code in English please:

$validFormat = ereg("^(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)[0-9]{11}$", $this->__ccNum);

The code is validating a JCB type credit card number. I've read an explanation for the function ereg at http://www.phpbuilder.com/manual2/manual/fi/function.ereg.php , but I'm looking for a bit more help.

eg how does this work: "^(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)[0-9]{11}$"
what does ^ mean?
I think | = or

The valid format for JCB is:
1. prefix = 3 and lenght = 16 or
2. prefix = 2131 or 1800 and length = 15
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Question by:ncw
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2 Comments
 
LVL 8

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by:
HaydnH earned 800 total points
ID: 10822404
Check out the regex cheatsheet:

    http://regexlib.com/CheatSheet.htm


^ means "start of string"... yes, "|" is similar to or...

Explained:

^
If we have a "Start of string"...

(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)
...followed by 3NNNN OR 2131 OR 1800 where N is any number 0-9...

[0-9]{11}
...followed by 11 numbers betweeon 0 and 9...

$
...followed by an "end of string"

... then it's valid.

Haydn.
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LVL 12

Assisted Solution

by:venkateshwarr
venkateshwarr earned 200 total points
ID: 10822483
if you split it you will have two parts

^(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)         and           [0-9]{11}$

In, ^(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)   ^ means starts with the following element(s) (here 3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)

here 3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800 means
first number is 3, followed by any 4 digits (shown in {} brackets) between 0 and 9 (shown in [] brackets)
or
2131
or
1800

'|' symbol means "or"

So on the whole ^(3[0-9]{4}|2131|1800)  means,
the string starts with 3, followed by any 4 digits or
the string starts with 2131 or
the string starts with 1800.

then he next part,  [0-9]{11}$
Here '$' sign indicates "ends with"
[0-9]{11} means any 11 numbers between 0 and 9

check out this link if you need more details...
http://www.regular-expressions.info/reference.html
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