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how do you write a DOMDocument to an XML file in C++

Posted on 2004-04-21
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Last Modified: 2007-12-19
I'm using xercesc to build up my DOMDocument. This is the easy part. Now I'm trying to write this DOM to an XML file but I can't find anyway to do it. I know in java I was able to use the Transformer class. Is there anything in C++ similar? Or do I have to write each node one by one? I would hope there is some class that would do it nicely....

Thanks,
Paul
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Question by:pwellar
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dualsoul earned 125 total points
ID: 10886208
you can use DOMWriter.
this is the sample form official XercerC docs:

..............................................................................
#include <xercesc/dom/DOM.hpp>
    #include <xercesc/util/XMLString.hpp>
    #include <xercesc/util/PlatformUtils.hpp>

    int serializeDOM(DOMNode* node) {

        XMLCh tempStr[100];
        XMLString::transcode("LS", tempStr, 99);
        DOMImplementation *impl = DOMImplementationRegistry::getDOMImplementation(tempStr);
        DOMWriter* theSerializer = ((DOMImplementationLS*)impl)->createDOMWriter();

        // optionally you can set some features on this serializer
        if (theSerializer->canSetFeature(XMLUni::fgDOMWRTDiscardDefaultContent, true))
            theSerializer->setFeature(XMLUni::fgDOMWRTDiscardDefaultContent, true);

        if (theSerializer->canSetFeature(XMLUni::fgDOMWRTFormatPrettyPrint, true))
             theSerializer->setFeature(XMLUni::fgDOMWRTFormatPrettyPrint, true);

        // optionally you can implement your DOMWriterFilter (e.g. MyDOMWriterFilter)
        // and set it to the serializer
        DOMWriterFilter* myFilter = new myDOMWriterFilter();
        theSerializer->setFilter(myFilter);

        // optionally you can implement your DOMErrorHandler (e.g. MyDOMErrorHandler)
        // and set it to the serializer
        DOMErrorHandler* errHandler = new myDOMErrorHandler();
        theSerializer->setErrorHandler(myErrorHandler);

        // StdOutFormatTarget prints the resultant XML stream
        // to stdout once it receives any thing from the serializer.
        XMLFormatTarget *myFormTarget = new StdOutFormatTarget();

        try {
            // do the serialization through DOMWriter::writeNode();
            theSerializer->writeNode(myFormTarget, *node);
        }
        catch (const XMLException& toCatch) {
            char* message = XMLString::transcode(toCatch.getMessage());
            cout << "Exception message is: \n"
                 << message << "\n";
            XMLString::release(&message);
            return -1;
        }
        catch (const DOMException& toCatch) {
            char* message = XMLString::transcode(toCatch.msg);
            cout << "Exception message is: \n"
                 << message << "\n";
            XMLString::release(&message);
            return -1;
        }
        catch (...) {
            cout << "Unexpected Exception \n" ;
            return -1;
        }


        theSerializer->release();
        delete myErrorHandler;
        delete myFilter;
        delete myFormTarget;
        return 0;
    }
.............................................................................

hope it helps.
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by:pwellar
ID: 10890929
I did see that before, this is writing it per node. I was hoping that there was something to write it per DOMDocument. Or does this support in writing out the whole structure? If so what do you pass into the writeNode call?

Thanks!
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:dualsoul
ID: 10896420
try to pass RootNode to writeNode.
if this doen't help, i think it's rather easier to iterate over all nodes and save them :)
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