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setting a UNIX environmental variable in a one-liner

Posted on 2004-04-23
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Last Modified: 2010-04-21

Hi

I am looking to set an environmental varibale in a one liner that I will present to the operating system from a program. I need to find the 32 bit CRC checksum of a file, the UNIX for this would be...

  cksum file.ext

Simple enough, except that this returns several columns of data, I know that I only need the first column which is the actuall checksum value so....

  echo `cksum file.ext ` | cut -d" " -f1

Will get the data I need. I then need to present this to a setenv command and this is where I am having trouble with the syntax, all of the following do not work....

  setenv MJMCKSUM `echo ``cksum file.ext ` | cut -d" " -f1``

  setenv MJMCKSUM `echo `cksum file.ext ` | cut -d" " -f1`

I thought either of these would substitute the inner command to the cksum value and then use this value to set the MJMCKSUM environmental variable. Is there something wrong with my syntax or is this a two step operation?

Thanks in advance

Mike

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Question by:mikem22
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avizit earned 250 total points
ID: 10900685
setenv TVS `cksum file.ext | cut -d" " -f1`

seems to work on my cygwin system ..

AFAIK what is between the backquotes is executed and the result returned , so i guess you dont need the "echo"

try and check on your system

/abhijit/
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by:bira
ID: 10900800
setenv MJMCKSUM `cksum file.ext  | cut -d" " -f1`
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by:dtkerns
ID: 10901250
the `cmd` construct cannot be nested without \

as in:

echo `echo hello \`date\``

you can, however, nest this form:

$(cmd)

as in:

echo $(echo hello $(date))

but as pointed out above, nesting is not required for what you need
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by:Tintin
ID: 10914430
No need for the UUOE
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by:ahoffmann
ID: 10921328
setenv MJMCKSUM `cksum file.ext ` | awk '{print $1}'`

BTW, backticks can be nested, depends on the shell only
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by:ahoffmann
ID: 10966619
damn, ther is a typo in my last comment
setenv MJMCKSUM `cksum file.ext | awk '{print $1}'`
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by:Gns
ID: 10996076
Wellcome to "Le Grand Typo Club" Achim:-). Membership is free;-).

The question I'm asking myself here is _why_ would you want this?
The exported environment will go away with the _child process executing the commands_ so your "controlling program" will never be able to "see" the variable anyway. So if you run a oneline system() or similar, your program (as a parent) or any sibling to that system() will not see it.
If you need the parent to be able to read the value, you'd probably most easily accomplish this by writing the result to a file in the system("cksum file.ext | awk '{print $1}'>/tmp/tempfile") ... and reading that file in the parent. Cumbersome and ugly:-).
This behaviour is a property of unix, not any specific language.

Std disclaimer: I might have missunderstood your intentions entirely... and look forward to any input in that direction:-).

-- Glenn
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by:Gns
ID: 10996096
Obviously a case of me overinterpreting the phrasing of the question:-)... Not to mention the huge pause between starting to write a comment and actually clicking submit:-):-).

-- Glenn
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