Information Systems Engineering.

I have exams in this subject soon and just can't get my head around some areas without my head bubbling.  Could anyone explain the following things simply? possibly with examples or links?

-Executive Information System.                               
-Decision Support System.      
-Exploratory Prototyping                                    
-Evolutionary Prototyping                                    
-Spiral Model


I'd be grateful for any help

Thank you
Kegan5Asked:
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jvuzCommented:
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jvuzCommented:
decision support system

http://searchcio.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid19_gci213888,00.html

A decision support system (DSS) is a computer program application that analyzes business data and presents it so that users can make business decisions more easily. It is an "informational application" (in distinction to an "operational application" that collects the data in the course of normal business operation). Typical information that a decision support application might gather and present would be:

    * Comparative sales figures between one week and the next
    * Projected revenue figures based on new product sales assumptions
    * The consequences of different decision alternatives, given past experience in a context that is described

A decision support system may present information graphically and may include an expert system or artificial intelligence (AI). It may be aimed at business executives or some other group of knowledge workers.
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jvuzCommented:
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jvuzCommented:
Spiral Model

http://searchvb.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid8_gci755347,00.html

 The spiral model, also known as the spiral lifecycle model, is a systems development method (SDM) used in information technology (IT). This model of development combines the features of the prototyping model and the waterfall model. The spiral model is favored for large, expensive, and complicated projects.

The steps in the spiral model can be generalized as follows:

   1. The new system requirements are defined in as much detail as possible. This usually involves interviewing a number of users representing all the external or internal users and other aspects of the existing system.
   2. A preliminary design is created for the new system.
   3. A first prototype of the new system is constructed from the preliminary design. This is usually a scaled-down system, and represents an approximation of the characteristics of the final product.
   4. A second prototype is evolved by a fourfold procedure: (1) evaluating the first prototype in terms of its strengths, weaknesses, and risks; (2) defining the requirements of the second prototype; (3) planning and designing the second prototype; (4) constructing and testing the second prototype.
   5. At the customer's option, the entire project can be aborted if the risk is deemed too great. Risk factors might involve development cost overruns, operating-cost miscalculation, or any other factor that could, in the customer's judgment, result in a less-than-satisfactory final product.
   6. The existing prototype is evaluated in the same manner as was the previous prototype, and, if necessary, another prototype is developed from it according to the fourfold procedure outlined above.
   7. The preceding steps are iterated until the customer is satisfied that the refined prototype represents the final product desired.
   8. The final system is constructed, based on the refined prototype.
   9. The final system is thoroughly evaluated and tested. Routine maintenance is carried out on a continuing basis to prevent large-scale failures and to minimize downtime.

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jvuzCommented:
Thanx,

Jvuz
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