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htaccess mod rewrite syntax, newbie help

Posted on 2004-08-01
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Last Modified: 2010-03-04
Basically I am wondering about some syntax issues.  The below htaccess file works fine for me.
However I have seen things written differently elsewhere and am wondering why it matters.

Here are some examples:
I have seen  mydomain\.com and mydomain.com
When do I need to use the "\"?
I have also seen (.*) and then ^(.*), what is the different here?
Also I have seen is there the ending "$" is not included at all, any reason for this?

If you could check the syntax of my code below and suggest changes let me know.

0 RewriteEngine on
1 RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^www.maindomain.com$ [NC]
2 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/robots\.txt$
3 RewriteRule (.*) http://www.maindomain.com/$1 [R=301]
4
5 #If robots.txt is requested from anything other than maindomain send new txt file.
6 RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} !^maindomain\.com
7 RewriteRule ^robots\.txt /robots_noindex.txt [L]
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Question by:killer455
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CrYpTiC_MauleR earned 200 total points
ID: 11692025
the \ means the period afterwards will mean a period character otherwise it will mean ANY character, so you must 'escape' it.

^ means the beggining of the string also $ means the end of the string.
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by:CrYpTiC_MauleR
ID: 11692028
http://regexlib.com/CheatSheet.htm will give you info on regualr expression syntax
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