help with query of queries (in memory query)

can anyone please tell me why this is not working: i'll paste my code first and the browser error message at the end:

<!--- first i query citiesTable for details on selected city whose cityID was passed in URL  --->
<!--- for example, the URL may look like /details?cityID=400 --->
<!--- citiesTable has 3 columns - cityID (data type: AutoNumber) cityName (Text) and stateID (Number) --->

<cfquery name="getCityDetails" datasource="test">
      SELECT cityName, stateID
      FROM citiesTable
      WHERE cityID=#url.cityID#
</cfquery>

<!--- statesTable has 2 columns - stateID (AutoNumber) and stateName (Text) --->

<cfquery name="getAllStates" datasource="test">
      SELECT stateID, stateName
      FROM statesTable
</cfquery>

<!--- here i try to get the state name by matching the stateID from both queries  --->

<cfquery name="cityState" dbtype="query">
      SELECT stateName
      FROM getAllStates
      WHERE getCityDetails.stateID = getAllStates.stateID
</cfquery>

<html>
<head></head>
      <body>
                  <cfoutput>
                        <td>#getCityDetails.cityName#</td>
                        <td>#cityState.stateName#</td>
                        </cfoutput>
      </body>

</html>

the browser error i am getting is:

Query Of Queries runtime error.
The selected column reference "getCityDetails.stateID" does not match any table in the FROM table list.

(there definitely is a stateID column in both the citiesTable and the stateTable.)

thank you for you suggestions!
joeinfoAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
reitzenConnect With a Mentor Commented:
CF is looking at "getCityDetails.stateID" as a column when it should be looking at it as a variable.

Wrap pound signs around it and you should be on your way:
<cfquery name="cityState" dbType="query">
    select stateName
    from getAllStates
    where stateID = #getCityDetails.stateID#
</cfquery>

HTH
Rob
0
 
Renante EnteraConnect With a Mentor Senior PHP DeveloperCommented:
Yah! I agree with reitzen on the part of the column which CF is looking at.

But on the part of the query, I think the result will not totally give you all city details because of the condition "where stateID = #getCityDetails.stateID#".  It will just return one record with the value of the stateID on the first query.  Do you agree with this reitzen?

So, the query should be :

<cfquery name="cityState" dbType="query">
    select stateName
    from getAllStates
    where stateID in (#ValueList(getCityDetails.stateID)#)
</cfquery>

Try running this query and compare it without using CF function ValueList().

Then by the way, I have a suggestion.  You can optimize your query using JOIN statement.

You can have it in this way :

<cfquery name="getCityDetails" datasource="test">
  SELECT c.cityID, c.cityName, c.stateID, g.stateName
  FROM citiesTable c
  INNER JOIN getAllStates g
    ON g.stateID = c.stateID
  WHERE c.cityID=#url.cityID#
</cfquery>

For some tutorials about using JOIN statement, you can visit this site : http://www.w3schools.com/sql/sql_join.asp


Regards!
eNTRANCE2002 :-)
0
 
joeinfoAuthor Commented:
reitzen's answer worked perfectly but entrance2002's suggestion to visit w3schools.com and try using a "join" was a gem. visiting that page before i began would have made my work a lot easier. thank you to both!
0
 
Renante EnteraSenior PHP DeveloperCommented:
Oh! Thanks for the compliments joeinfo.

I'm glad that I have helped you.

Hope to help you again soon...


Best wishes!
eNTRANCE2002 :-)
0
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