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Populating and Printing Perl 2D arrays.

Posted on 2004-08-19
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Last Modified: 2012-05-05
I have a simple piece of code as shown below. I want to open a file and for each lin eo f the file store the value od $code in the $x, $y locations of a 2D array. I want to store the value '0' in all other elements. I tried this but it dosn;t seem to work - I'm having alot of problems with uninitialised values in my array especially when I am printing!

Any help greatly appreciated,
- Troy

Input.txt:
0,0,laser
1,1,quartz
2,2,orion

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

my $inputFile = "Input.txt";

open(INPUT, $inputFile) || die("Could not open file!");
    while($line=<INPUT>){
    chomp $line;
    ($x,$y,$code)=split(/,/, $line);            
      
        for($i=0;$i<3;$i++){
            for($j=0;$j<3;$j++){
      if(($i==$x)&&($j==$y)){
          $array1[$i][$j]=$code; #if x,y match i,j store $code in this location.
                }
                elsif(($i==())&&($j==())){
                    $array1[$i][$j]=0;
      }                  
            }
        }
    }
close INPUT;

    for($i=0;$i<3;$i++){
        for($j=0;$j<3;$j++){
            print "$array1[$i][$j]\n";
        }
    }
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Question by:Troyh
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2 Comments
 
LVL 18

Accepted Solution

by:
kandura earned 100 total points
ID: 11839669
I think this line:

    elsif(($i==())&&($j==())){

doesn't do what you expect.
Why don't you always set the array elements to 0 _unless_ it already contains a value?

    elsif(!defined $array1[$i][$j]) {
        $array1[$i][$j] = 0;
    }

However, it looks a bit silly to have to traverse the entire array every time. If you know there are only three elements in each dimension, why don't you initialize your array to all zeros beforehand?
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