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Reading and Writing Boost multi_array's to binary files

Posted on 2004-08-20
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Last Modified: 2010-08-05
I am having problems writing a boost multi_array to a binary file and then reading it back.

I have a 3d multi_array which contains integers:

typedef boost::multi_array<int, 3> i3dArray;
typedef i3dArray::index iIndex;

Start Program
{
   i3dArray contactMatrix(boost::extents[NOATOMS][NOATOMS][NO_DISTANCES_BINS]);  // [167][167][150]

   loop through files of atomic structures
   {
        count the number of atom types i see at different distances and increment the relevant array positions
         i3dArray[i][j][k]++
    }

      // Verify values - this works (i.e. the i3dArray has correct values)
     for(iIndex i = 0; i != 50; ++i)
        for(iIndex j = 0; j != 50; ++j)
           for(iIndex k = 0; k != 50; ++k)
              cout << contact[i][j][k];

     // Then i want to write this object to a binary file.
    ofstream outfile( outname.c_str(), ios::out | ios::binary);
      outfile.write( (char*)&contact, sizeof(contact) );
    outfile.close();    

    // later i want to read in this object
    ifstream Source(file, ios::in | ios::binary );
    if (Source.fail())
      exit(1);
    Source.read( (char*)&contact, sizeof(contact) );
    Source.close();

      // Printing gives me a Segmentation Fault
     for(iIndex i = 0; i != 50; ++i)
        for(iIndex j = 0; j != 50; ++j)
           for(iIndex k = 0; k != 50; ++k)
              cout << contact[i][j][k];
}

I know this is a crude and incompetent method of writing an object but more correct ideas would be appreciated.
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Question by:keepthursdayspecial
  • 2
3 Comments
 
LVL 86

Accepted Solution

by:
jkr earned 500 total points
ID: 11851593
You need to access the multi_array's data area by calling the 'data()' meber function, i.e.

   ofstream outfile( outname.c_str(), ios::out | ios::binary);
     outfile.write( (char*)contact.data(), sizeof(int) * contacts.size());
   outfile.close();    

   ifstream Source(file, ios::in | ios::binary );
    Source.read( (char*)contact.data(), sizeof(int) * contacts.size() );
   Source.close();

Just taking the multi_array's address will not work, since this is not just 'flat' data...


0
 

Author Comment

by:keepthursdayspecial
ID: 11852059
Oh, I see.

However, this doesn't write anything to the binary file.
0
 

Author Comment

by:keepthursdayspecial
ID: 11852231
     string outname = "out/pdb"+pdbfiles[t]+".ent.chem";
      ofstream outfile( outname.c_str(), ios::out | ios::binary );
      outfile.write( (char*)contactMat.data(), sizeof(int)*contactMat.size() );
      outfile.close();

when i check the sizeof(int)*matrix i get 72 which is the same size as the output file.  

      cout << sizeof(int) << " " << sizeof(int) * contactMat.size() << " " << contactMat.size() << endl;

So 4 72 8.

The multi_array is [18] [18] [150] is this instance.

When I read the file back into a new multi_array of the same size i get an array of 0's.
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