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user administration

Posted on 2004-08-27
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Last Modified: 2013-12-15
Hi

I am fairly new to Linux and just installed suse 9.1 pro, I wish to create a template user (access to apps, desktop theme and layout etc) so I can easily apply this to other new users I create.

Hopefully a painless non command prompt type solution.

thx
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Question by:iqula
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by:Chireru
ID: 11918965
Create a new group "myusers" and user ("myuser" in the "myusers" group) in the SuSE Admin tools.
Then set everything up, giving permissions to the group, and not the user.

After the configuration is done, as root, copy the myuser's home directory to /etc/skel.

From then on, when you create users, make sure to use the option "create user directory from skeleton" (-m if you use the commandline utility), which will copy over all of the default desktop settings from the /etc/skel as their default profile.  Also, make sure to put them in the same group that the template user was in, so they inherit the permissions.

This will take a bit of trial-and-error to get it right.
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by:iqula
ID: 11918984
Ok got a group and a user but there seems to be no assign application rights to the group, it only has a list of "Members of this group" with at, bin, daemon, ftp ..
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Chireru earned 500 total points
ID: 11919129
In linux, the access control of programs is granted either in the code, where you can determine exactly what user and group the program is being run as, or you can use the permissions system on the program.

The permissions in linux are fairly easy.  There are 3 types: User, Group and World(everyone).  For each type, there are 3 permissions: Read, Write, and Execute.
So, if you want to only allow users in the "games" group to run games, you would go to the binary of every game, and set the properties of it so that the group has read and execute.  To deny everyone not in that group (or the owner of the file) to execute it, then set the world to no permissions, or read-only and no execute.
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Author Comment

by:iqula
ID: 11919217
Thanks that makes good sence, do you know if there are any nice apps that help with these settings?  Also I tried moving the structure from one of my users into /etc/skel - once a new user was created this removed some of the icons on the desktop only do you know how I can get settings like the K menu apps, the background and icon themes?
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by:Chireru
ID: 11919253
I don't know of any applications that would do that.. just editing it in the GUI, or with CHMOD in the command line.

As far as I know, that should not remove any icons from the desktop..  check the user's desktop ( ~/Desktop ) for the missing icons.
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Author Comment

by:iqula
ID: 11919288
I see that what ever you move into the etc/skel gets put into the new users home/~ directory, this is good but do you have any idea how I can move settings like icon themes and Kmenu setup?

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by:Chireru
ID: 11919313
All per-user settings are stored in the user's home directory, as various files.  Any and all customizations should be stored there.  Icon themes and Kmenu setup information should be stored in files in the user's home directory, if I'm not mistaken.  Outside of the home directory is usually reserved for system-wide settings.  

The themes would be installed to system-wide location on the harddrive, but the references to it would be in the configuration in the user's settings.  Notibly, in the .kde subdirectory in their home directory
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Author Comment

by:iqula
ID: 11919349
I set the browser to show hidden files after a little copy across and user setup it all worked, thanks a million.
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by:Chireru
ID: 11919382
Oops!  I forget that the GUI doesn't show those automatically.. I use the command line for such actions.

Glad to hear it's working.
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