What's happening here?

Posted on 2004-09-02
Last Modified: 2010-04-01
In the following snippet, the text is being "encrypted" or something along those lines.  I was hoping someone could tell me exactly what's being done....

char szTest[]={      
                        'T'            ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
                        'E'            ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
                        'S'            ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
                        'T'            ^ ( char) 0x0FF,

Thanks in advance,
Question by:fattumsdad
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LVL 23

Assisted Solution

brettmjohnson earned 100 total points
ID: 11970214
Bit-wise Exclusive Or (XOR) (^) has the following properties:
1 ^ 1 = 0
1 ^ 0 = 1
0 ^ 1 = 1
0 ^ 0 = 0

so that a byte XOR'd with FF (all 1s), basically creates a "negative image"
of the byte - all the 0s become 1s and all all the 1s become 0s.


Accepted Solution

TrekkyLeaper earned 100 total points
ID: 11970219
That is doing a one's complement of the character value. For example:

'T' = 0101100 (in binary)

'T' ^ (char) 0x0FF => 0101100 ^ 11111111 = 1010011
LVL 11

Expert Comment

ID: 11970223
^ is the bitwise XOR operation

your T , E , S, T etc ate xor'ed against 0X0FF

LVL 11

Assisted Solution

avizit earned 100 total points
ID: 11970230
you can get the original back by XOR again with the same

the following prog will demostrate

int main(){
char szTest[]={
        'T'          ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
        'E'          ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
        'S'          ^ ( char) 0x0FF,
        'T'          ^ ( char) 0x0FF,

for(int i = 0; i < 4; i ++){
        szTest[i]^= 0x0FF;

for(int i = 0; i < 4; i ++){

  return 0;

Author Comment

ID: 11970259
I see!  Thanks to each of you for the help.  I don't like having to choose between numerous good answers, so I'm increasing to 300 pts and giving 100 to each.  Thanks again!


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