Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people, just like you, are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
Solved

Sorting INNER JOIN

Posted on 2004-09-04
7
412 Views
Last Modified: 2007-12-19
My problem lies here:

I have a message board running on MS-SQL. I want to sort the topics in order of last reply. I have a TOPICS table, USERNAMES table and a POSTS table. To display an asp page, I need to get the thread title, thread id, username of last person to reply and order these results by time of last reply. Ideally, this should be one sql statement but I can't get it to work.

I'm assuming this is going to take a subquery to get the latest post where POSTS.thread_id is the same as the thread id.

Can anyone help?
0
Comment
Question by:thefritterfatboy
  • 3
  • 2
  • 2
7 Comments
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:ram2098
ID: 11980794
I am not sure of your table structures..but your query should be something like this.

I assume TOPICS and POSTS table are related bt THREAD_ID
and POSTS AND USERNAMES are related by USERID

then your query is as below..... (You can include a where clause to this if you want the details for a specific topic or user etc)

SELECT A.THREADID,
            A.THREADTITLE,
            C.USERNAME
FROM TOPICS A
INNER JOIN POSTS B
A.THREAD_ID = B.THREAD_ID
INNER JOIN USERNAMES C
B.USERID = C.USERID
ORDER BY B.POSTTIME DESC

If you can give your table structures in detail ...I can help you with the exact query.
0
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:jdlambert1
ID: 11980813
You need to use JOIN's something like this (I guessed at some of the column names). The WHERE clause uses a variable if you want to restrict it to one thread. The t, u, and p are aliases for the table names so you don't have to type the whole names over and over.

SELECT p.thread_id, p.thread_title, u.LastName
FROM Topics t
 INNER JOIN Posts p ON t.topic_id = p.topic_id
 INNER JOIN UserNames u ON p.user_id = u.user_id
WHERE p.thread_id = @thread_id
ORDER BY p.PostDate DESC

If you want the exact SQL for your specific case, we'll need you to post the column names for each table, and which columns are primary and foreign keys.
0
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:jdlambert1
ID: 11980815
Sorry, ram, I must have started right before you posted...
0
Comprehensive Backup Solutions for Microsoft

Acronis protects the complete Microsoft technology stack: Windows Server, Windows PC, laptop and Surface data; Microsoft business applications; Microsoft Hyper-V; Azure VMs; Microsoft Windows Server 2016; Microsoft Exchange 2016 and SQL Server 2016.

 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:thefritterfatboy
ID: 11980833
That's going to give me a massive recordset of threads mixed in with posts. I only need one record per thread, that's where my problem lies.

The statement SELECT TOP 1 PostDate, postUserID FROM POSTS ORDER BY PostDate DESC; needs to grab the last post and use that if you get what I mean.
0
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:jdlambert1
ID: 11980852
Whoops, I think ram and I both missed that you only want the user name of the last person to post, so I think you'll need a couple of nested sub-selects, similar to this.

SELECT DISTINCT p.thread_id, p.thread_title, u.LastName
FROM Topics t
 INNER JOIN Posts p ON t.topic_id = p.topic_id
 INNER JOIN (
   --get user name of last person to post to a thread
   SELECT thread_id, username
   FROM Posts p INNER JOIN (
      --last post per thread
      SELECT topic_id, Max(thread_id) as Max_thread_id
      FROM Posts
      GROUP BY topic_id
      ) sub ON p.topic_id = sub.topic_id AND p.thread_id = sub.Max_thread_id
   ) u ON p.user_id = u.user_id
WHERE p.thread_id = @thread_id --optional line
0
 
LVL 11

Accepted Solution

by:
ram2098 earned 500 total points
ID: 11980913
you can write it this way too...

SELECT A.THREADID,
            A.THREADTITLE,
            C.USERNAME
FROM TOPICS A
INNER JOIN POSTS B
A.THREAD_ID = B.THREAD_ID
INNER JOIN USERNAMES C
B.USERID = C.USERID
WHERE B.POSTTIME = (SELECT MAX(POSTTIME) FROM POSTS WHERE THREAD_ID = A.THREAD_ID)
ORDER BY B.POSTTIME DESC
0
 
LVL 10

Author Comment

by:thefritterfatboy
ID: 11983851
Using ram2098's sugeestion the solution appears to lie in this SQL:

SELECT T.thread_id,
       T.thread_title,
       U.username,
       U.user_id,
       P.post_time
FROM TVERSION4 T
INNER JOIN PVERSION4 P ON
P.from_thread_id = T.thread_id
INNER JOIN USERS U
ON P.post_user_id = U.user_id
WHERE P.post_time = (SELECT MAX(S.post_time) FROM PVERSION4 S
WHERE S.from_thread_id = T.thread_id)
ORDER BY P.post_time DESC

jdlambert - I'm accepting ram's solution as it makes less queries, space and looks neater! I appreciate your time and effort, however.
0

Featured Post

Three Reasons Why Backup is Strategic

Backup is strategic to your business because your data is strategic to your business. Without backup, your business will fail. This white paper explains why it is vital for you to design and immediately execute a backup strategy to protect 100 percent of your data.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
SQL Server 2012 Database Restore 4 38
Database ERD 4 26
Database Integrity 1 48
SQL Server Configuration Manager WMI Error 11 16
Load balancing is the method of dividing the total amount of work performed by one computer between two or more computers. Its aim is to get more work done in the same amount of time, ensuring that all the users get served faster.
This article shows gives you an overview on SQL Server 2016 row level security. You will also get to know the usages of row-level-security and how it works
Using examples as well as descriptions, and references to Books Online, show the documentation available for date manipulation functions and by using a select few of these functions, show how date based data can be manipulated with these functions.
Viewers will learn how the fundamental information of how to create a table.

809 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question