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WinSocket related, packet in buffer waiting to be read

Posted on 2004-09-12
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Last Modified: 2008-01-09
Hi,

   I would like to know how my program could be alert by windows subsystem if there is a packet waiting to
be read for winsock 1.1 and so on, I have difficulty to deal with that. If I have like 50 clients connecting with my server
in a tight loop that will take all the processor power which I want to avoid as much as possible.

Thank you, Stephan
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Question by:Dogofwars
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drichards earned 500 total points
ID: 12041343
Are you really using Winsock 1.1?  If so, your best bet is probably WSAAsyncSelect.  You use WSAAsyncSelect to tell the system what types of events you are interested in.  For example, to be notified on incoming connections, you would do:

    #define WM_NETEVENT (WM_USER+1)
    ...
    rc = WSAAsyncSelect(s, hWnd, (WM_NETEVENT, FD_ACCEPT);

after putting socket s into a listening state.

You need a window to receive the messages.  You add a handler for WM_NETEVENT and lParam holds the message value (FD_ACCEPT in this case since we're only registered for that event).  Once you call 'accept' (presumably in the message handler), the event will be reenabled.
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by:Dogofwars
ID: 12041369
No I'm no really using winsock 1.1 but I am building a little class in C++ to use winsock in a easier manner and that will include fonction for winsock 1.1 only to the most promising IO complete ;) I see how winsock is build and I don't like
to deal with that all the time especially that when you want to track bug with that it's just a pain in the butox ;)



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by:drichards
ID: 12041390
The specific mechanics of adding a message handler will depend on the type of app (MFC, raw Win32, etc.).  Also, the message ID if of course only an example (WM_USER+1) and you should use something appropriate for your app.

Read and wwrite can be handled similarly on the accepted socket if you choose.  See the docs for WSAAsyncSelect at:

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/winsock/winsock/wsaasyncselect_2.asp

If you use Winsock 2 there are other alternatives that do not require a message pump.
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by:Dogofwars
ID: 12041405
thank you ;)
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by:drichards
ID: 12041418
And if you want to go with Winsock 2, you can do WSAEventSelect which registers an event object rather than a Window handle with the network events.  Then you use WSAEnumNetworkEvents to determine which event happened (unless you only register for one type of event) and WSAWaitForMultipleObjects to wait for teh event to be set.  Typically you use this to wait for incoming connections and then for each connection post asynchronous read operations with IO competion routines.  The completion routines are executed by the OS.  This is very efficient.  You need to create sockets using WSASocket with the overlapped flag set to use IO completion routines.
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