• C

Exception/bus error

Hi All,

I would like to know the difference between an exceptiona nd bus error. Maybe some examples would be of help.

Another(out of context) question : Is it necessary to have a 'ile system' for printf( ) to work ?

Thanks,
Arut
arutAsked:
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sunnycoderConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Another way of putting it

There's a subtle difference between "segmentation fault" and "bus error". A "bus error" means that the kernel didn't detect the problem on its own; the memory system (i.e. hardware) realized that there was a problem.
http://www.ncsa.uiuc.edu/UserInfo/Resources/Hardware/CommonFAQ/SGIErrors.html#buserror

Some processors generate fault when you try to access non aligned memory, bus error is generally an indication of that condition
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Sjef BosmanGroupware ConsultantCommented:
There are a number of exceptions, but just an example: zero-divide. And a bus-error could be the use of an address (by means of a pointer or array) that isn't in your dataspace, i.e. that isn't accessible by your program.

If you are on linux/unix, try man 2 signal, or use Google searching for "man signal linux"
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sunnycoderCommented:
A fatal failure in the execution of a machine language instruction resulting from the processor detecting an anomalous condition on its bus. Such conditions include invalid address alignment (accessing a multi-byte number at an odd address), accessing a physical address that does not correspond to any device, or some other device-specific hardware error. A bus error triggers a processor-level exception which Unix translates into a "SIGBUS" signal which, if not caught, will terminate the current process.

http://computing-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/bus%20error
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sunnycoderCommented:
Bus error is a kind of exception ... There are several exceptions including but not limited to what sjef_bosman said

"And a bus-error could be the use of an address (by means of a pointer or array) that isn't in your dataspace, i.e. that isn't accessible by your program."
Is segmentation fault but not bus error .. I do not thing divide by zero is a bus error either .. that should be arithmetic or floating point exception
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Sjef BosmanGroupware ConsultantCommented:
Too subtle for me... I  must admit that "Bus Error - Core dumped" reminds me of the PDP-11 series, which indeed had word-alignment.
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