Solved

Windows Server 2003 Setup Questions

Posted on 2004-09-15
7
4,330 Views
Last Modified: 2013-11-30
Hello,

First and foremost, please forgive me for asking stupid questions, I'm trying to set up my first server in my home and I'm bound to ask a few stupid questions.  With that said, let me dive right in.

I'm setting up a server running Windows Server 2003.  It currently has 2 NIC's - one that connects to my cable modem, the other connects to a linksys wireless router (WRT54G) with 4-port switch.  For now, let's ignore the wireless part, I'll work on that after I get the network up and running.  The first time I started the server a wizard came up and installed several different functions on the server, these functions are Remote Access/VPN Server, Domain Controller (AD), DNS Server, and DHCP Server.  Honestly, I'm not sure what all these things are, what they do, or if I even need them.  

I'm feeling a little overwhelmed, so let's take this step-by-step.  First, I need to get internet access to all the computers.  I've copied and pasted an ipconfig from my server below:

Microsoft Windows [Version 5.2.3790]
(C) Copyright 1985-2003 Microsoft Corp.

F:\Documents and Settings\Administrator.SPENSERVER>ipconfig

Windows IP Configuration


Ethernet adapter Top Adapter- LAN:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :

Ethernet adapter Bottom Adapter- Internet In:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : Earthlink.net
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 24.238.176.62
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.252.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 24.238.176.1

F:\Documents and Settings\Administrator.SPENSERVER>



Next, I've re-created an ipconfig from the closest desktop below:


Ethernet adapter Top Adapter- Local Area Connection:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.20
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :

C:\Documents and Settings\Chris>



Maybe I need to configure my NIC's a little different or maybe I need to configure "Routing and Remote Access" on the VPN Server, I'm just not sure.  Please help!

BTW - I obviously have internet access, but I only have access on the server I just set up.

Thank you!

Chris Spencer

0
Comment
Question by:tcjcspen
7 Comments
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:hehewithbrackets
ID: 12070065
Hmm...not sure where to start, but what exactly are you trying to do with your server?  In terms of the services you listed above, Remote Access/VPN Server, Domain Controller (AD), DNS Server, and DHCP Server - you don't actually need any of them to access the internet with your clients.  

Routing and Remote Access and VPN don't have anything to do with connecting to the internet at all.  They are for connections going the opposite direction.

To help you connect to the internet with your current setup, you need to start with DNS and DHCP.  If you didn't have a server you would turn DHCP on from your router and add the DNS server addresses from your ISP.

If you want to use your server for DNS and DHCP, then you would have to configure it accordingly.  It appears that your client has successfully obtained an IP address from your server, but you failed to specify a default gateway.  You need to add the IP address of your router to the DHCP Scope Options.  Also, we can't see your DNS settings unless you do an 'ipconfig /all', but you will also need to add DNS addresses in your DHCP Scope Options if you haven't done so.  This should be either your router or your DNS server IP if you are going to setup your own DNS.



0
 

Author Comment

by:tcjcspen
ID: 12070531
OK, good questions, sorry I wasn't more specific, I just didn't know where to start either.  Let me try to answer your questions and go from there:

hehewithbrackets said, "what exactly are you trying to do with your server?"

I would like several items accomplished with this server.
First, I want a local network to keep important documents and records so they can be accessed through any computer connected to the network (would these be called "client" computers?).
 
Second, I would like to control access to the network by making users log into the network the same time they are logging into their desktop or laptop computers.

Third, I have secured the domain, truebluehomes.com.  I would like to host the site and set up email for names@truebluehomes.com.


If I understand correctly, it seems there are two different networks that I'm trying to create, one local (or private) network named trueblue.local and another network for the domain truebluehomes.com.  For now, I would like to focus only on the local network and getting my... clients... access to the internet.  We can save the wireless part and the truebluehomes.com part for another question.


hehewithbrackets said, "Routing and Remote Access and VPN don't have anything to do with connecting to the internet at all." AND "If you want to use your server for DNS and DHCP, then you would have to configure it accordingly."

OK, since routing and remote access have nothing to do with the internet, let's forget about them for the time being.  I do want to use my server for DNS and DHCP, I'm just not sure how to configure it accordingly.  However, I've copied and pasted an ipconfig /all for the server and the nearest desktop below, as you suggested.  Maybe this will enable you to tell me what configuation settings I need to change.
NOTE: my router (IP 192.168.1.1) has DHCP enabled, do I need to disabe it?

Here is the server ipconfig /all:

Microsoft Windows [Version 5.2.3790]
(C) Copyright 1985-2003 Microsoft Corp.

F:\Documents and Settings\Administrator.SPENSERVER>ipconfig /all

Windows IP Configuration

   Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : spenserver
   Primary Dns Suffix  . . . . . . . : trueblue.local
   Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Unknown
   IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : Yes
   WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : Yes
   DNS Suffix Search List. . . . . . : trueblue.local
                                       Earthlink.net

PPP adapter RAS Server (Dial In) Interface:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : WAN (PPP/SLIP) Interface
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-53-45-00-00-00
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.10
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.255
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :

Ethernet adapter Top Adapter- LAN:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Realtek RTL8139 Family PCI Fast Ethernet
NIC
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-00-B4-C3-96-D5
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1

Ethernet adapter Bottom Adapter- Internet In:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . : Earthlink.net
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Linksys NC100 Fast Ethernet Adapter
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-0C-41-E9-C0-26
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
   Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 24.238.176.62
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.252.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 24.238.176.1
   DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 24.93.41.146
   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 207.69.188.185
                                       207.69.188.186
                                       207.69.188.187
   Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Wednesday, September 15, 2004 2:56:54 PM
   Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Thursday, September 16, 2004 1:12:47 PM

F:\Documents and Settings\Administrator.SPENSERVER>




Here is a re-creation of the desktop ipconfig /all:


Microsoft Windows XP [Version 5.1.2600]
(C) Copyright 1985-2001 Microsoft Corp.

C:\Documents and Settings\Chris>ipconfig /all

Windows IP Configuration

   Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : DESKTOP1
   Primary Dns Suffix  . . . . . . . :
   Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Unknown
   IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
   WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
 
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:

   Connection-specific DNS Suffix  . :
   Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Linksys NC100 Fast Ethernet Adapter
   Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-0C-41-E9-BB-C0
   DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
   IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.20
   Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
   Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . :
   DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.1

C:\Documents and Settings\Chris>


Thanks for your help!

Chris















0
 
LVL 3

Accepted Solution

by:
hehewithbrackets earned 500 total points
ID: 12070753
I just realized you have the server connected directly into your modem.  Let's simplify things and get a basic setup working first.

Rewire your network
1.  Disconnect your server from the cable modem and plug it into your router.
2.  Plug the router into your modem.  
3.  Configure your router for internet access (internal IP 192.168.1.1) and disable DHCP on the router.
4.  Plug your clients into the router.

Configure Static IP for server
1.  Give your server a static IP address - i.e. 192.168.1.5
2.  Have only 1 DNS entry pointing to itself - i.e. Preferred DNS = 192.168.1.5

Configure DHCP on your server
1.  Set up your scope - i.e. 192.168.1.10-192.168.1.20
2.  Under Scope Options add your router IP 192.168.1.1 for router and server IP for DNS server

Configure DNS
1.  Enable forwarders to allow clients to access internet using the following instructions:
http://www.petri.co.il/configure_dns_forwarding.htm

Let me know how that goes.
0
Top 6 Sources for Identifying Threat Actor TTPs

Understanding your enemy is essential. These six sources will help you identify the most popular threat actor tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs).

 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:hehewithbrackets
ID: 12070771
BTW, the default gateway address for your server is the IP of your router - 192.168.1.1
0
 

Author Comment

by:tcjcspen
ID: 12072118
hehewithbrackets,

That worked pretty well, with a few minor glitches.

I'm not sure DHCP is working correctly.  If I click "Obtain IP address automatically" the connection does not work.  However, if I manually enter one of the IP addresses in the range of the scope I entered (192.168.1.10 - 192.168.1.20), the connection works fine.  The oter thing is no wireless items work either, but we'll get to that later.

I'm going to go ahead and close out this question.  It doesn't seem fair to have so many questions wrapped into one.  Therefore, I'm going to award the points to you since my main objective of connecting to the internet was accomplished.

I'm going to pose a new question, something to the effect that I have a home server that is acting as a DHCP Server and DNS Server for the home network I just set up.  Now, how do I get my server to "see" my client computers and vise versa and how do I establish a login procedure for this network.

Thanks for your help, I hope you keep trying to answer my questions, you have been very patient and helpful!

Chris
0
 

Expert Comment

by:itzsen
ID: 12293000
See if your server is set up for DHCP and the DHCP service is up and running.

-Itzsen
0
 

Expert Comment

by:ctough
ID: 12363500
I have read this and understood for using one server.  I am trying to do the same but with 2 primary servers. (one company split and the second wants to be seperated on their network).  For company A, there is currently a server running linux 7.2 that is directly connected to the internet which houses the email system and router service, as well as authentication for outside clients to view progress reports.  For the addition of company B, a new server running server 2003 will be used.  How would the configuration work?

Company A
dhcp from isp on nic A
192.168.0.1 on nic B

Company B
has 2 nic's

I am planning on soon changing company A's server to server 2003 as well.

Any adivce would be very welcome.
0

Featured Post

Free Trending Threat Insights Every Day

Enhance your security with threat intelligence from the web. Get trending threat insights on hackers, exploits, and suspicious IP addresses delivered to your inbox with our free Cyber Daily.

Join & Write a Comment

BIND is the most widely used Name Server. A Name Server is the one that translates a site name to it's IP address. There is a new bug in BIND (https://kb.isc.org/article/AA-01272), affecting all versions of BIND 9 from BIND 9.1.0 (inclusive) thro…
ADCs have gained traction within the last decade, largely due to increased demand for legacy load balancing appliances to handle more advanced application delivery requirements and improve application performance.
Get a first impression of how PRTG looks and learn how it works.   This video is a short introduction to PRTG, as an initial overview or as a quick start for new PRTG users.
In this tutorial you'll learn about bandwidth monitoring with flows and packet sniffing with our network monitoring solution PRTG Network Monitor (https://www.paessler.com/prtg). If you're interested in additional methods for monitoring bandwidt…

743 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

14 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now