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How do I build SQL "Insert into" basic_stringstream using variables in C++

Posted on 2004-09-17
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Last Modified: 2012-06-22
I'm trying to build a function that will take string inputs and build an SQL statement for input into a database.  Here's my existing code:

void Connector::InsertData(string _table, string _column, string _value)
{
        // string I/O stream
    basic_stringstream<wchar_t> strSQLStatement;
    variant_t vntRecordAffected;

      strSQLStatement <<L"INSERT INTO " << _table.c_str() << "(" << _column.c_str() << ") VALUES('" << _value.c_str()<< "' ) ";

    cout << "strSQLStatement =" << strSQLStatement.str().c_str() <<endl;
    _bstr_t strSQLstmt = strSQLStatement.str().c_str();

    try
    {
        _connect->Execute(strSQLstmt, &vntRecordAffected, adCmdText );
    }
    catch( _com_error &e)
    {
        // get info from _com_error
        _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());
        _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());

        printf("%s", e.ErrorMessage());
        cout << endl << "No Data Entered." << endl << endl;
    }  // end catch

      cout << "Data Inserted." << endl;

}  //End InsertData

Does anybody have an input?
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Question by:RedHedToo
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7 Comments
 
LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:rstaveley
ID: 12091216
Use wcout to see the wide string:

i.e.

wcout << "strSQLStatement =" << strSQLStatement.str().c_str() <<endl;
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Author Comment

by:RedHedToo
ID: 12101904
Sorry, I should've looked closer for editing purposes prior to putting it up.  The problem is that the string always sends back an error.  I've tried several ways to build a string to create the statement, but the only thing that works so far is creating an entire string at one time without actually using any data in variables.  The line I have in there now:

     strSQLStatement <<L"INSERT INTO " << _table.c_str() << "(" << _column.c_str() << ") VALUES('" << _value.c_str()<< "' ) ";

doesn't actually work properly.

Anybody have a solution?

Red.
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LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:rstaveley
ID: 12102092
If I hack your code thus, I get what looks like good SQL:
--------8<--------
#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
using namespace std;

void /*Connector::*/InsertData(string _table, string _column, string _value)
{
        // string I/O stream
    basic_stringstream<wchar_t> strSQLStatement;
//    variant_t vntRecordAffected;

     strSQLStatement <<L"INSERT INTO " << _table.c_str() << "(" << _column.c_str() << ") VALUES('" << _value.c_str()<< "' ) ";

    wcout << "strSQLStatement =" << strSQLStatement.str().c_str() <<endl;
}

int main()
{
      InsertData("mytable","mycolumn","myvalue");
}
--------8<--------

Output is:

strSQLStatement =INSERT INTO mytable(mycolumn) VALUES('myvalue' )

My SQL experience isn't strong enough to vouch whether you can get away with the lack of space between mytable and '('.

Is this not what you are getting?

Clearly this is only good for a table which has one field in it only. You have put quotes around myvalue, which means you couldn't conveniently pass a comma separated strings. You'd need to have something like

      InsertData("mytable"
            ,"my1stcolumn,my2ndcolumn"
            ,"my1stvalue','my2ndValue"      /* <- Weird quotes! */
      );
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Author Comment

by:RedHedToo
ID: 12102383
I'm getting an error, actually.  "IDispatch error #3092"  When I googled it , the Microsoft site said I needed single quotes, which I already have.  It also said it may be a problem with MDAC 2.5 (I'm running 2.7), so right now I don't know the exact problem.  

Red.
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LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:rstaveley
ID: 12103665
I recommend you close this question (ask for a refund) and start a new question with an appropriate title (e.g. "MS MSL - IDispatch error #3092"). Some folks who are knowledgeable about MS SQL may not be looking at this, thinking this is an STL problem, which it isn't.
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LVL 17

Accepted Solution

by:
rstaveley earned 135 total points
ID: 12305971
Delete question. The title was misleading. The problem wasn't handled by my answers, because it was unrelated.
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