• C

finding something in a string

Hi Experts,

I have a program that reads from a file and populates a struct. It contains DVD titles, directors, etc...

I am able to load the information from the text file into the struct no problems.

What i want to be able to do, is ask the user to input a string and for my function to search the title array in the DVDMovies struct and return any matches.

I would also like it to be case insensitive. That is:

If the user types in:
rush hour

i should retreive:
rush hour
rush hour 2

in all cases.

thanks in advanced,
sexy-sxAsked:
Who is Participating?
 
ankuratvbConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Use strstr() to search for a substring in a string:

Here's an exmaple:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int main(void)
{
   char *str1 = "Borland International", *str2 = "NaTion", *ptr;
   ptr = strstr(strlwr(str1),strlwr(str2));
  //Converted the string & sub-str to lower case to make search case insensitive
   if(ptr!=NULL)
       printf("Found");
   else
       printf("Not Found");
   return 0;
}
0
 
tzxie2000Commented:
struct DVDstru
{
  char title[256];
  //other information
};

int main()
{
  char input[256];
  struct DVDstru dvdlist;
  int dvdcount;

  //loadfile to dvdlist
  for(;;)
  {
    printf("please enter the DVD title(n to end):");
    //use scanf to read to input string
    if (strcmp(input,"n")==0) break;
    for(i=0;i<dvdcount;i++)
    {
         //if found break;
    }
    if(i<dvdcount)
       //found dvd information and output
    else
       // not found print something

  }
}
0
 
sexy-sxAuthor Commented:
is the function strlwr ansi compatible?
0
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ankuratvbCommented:
No.But you can always implement your own.
0
 
sexy-sxAuthor Commented:
i've tried this:

char* strlwr(char *_src)
{
   char *_c = _src;
   
   while ( *_src++ )
   {
      tolower(*_src);
   }

   return _c;
}

but it keeps giving me a segmentation fault
0
 
ankuratvbCommented:
char* strlwr(char *_src)
{
 char *temp;
 char *_c ;
 temp=(char*)malloc((strlen(_src)*sizeof(char))+1);
 strcpy(temp,_src);
 _c=temp;
  do
  {
     *temp=tolower(*temp);
  }while ( *temp++ );
  return _c;
}
0
 
ankuratvbCommented:
The strlwr() code you posted modifies the original string passed to it,so if it is not modifiable,i.e. stored in read only memory,the program will segfault.

For e.g.:
char *str1 = "Borland International";

The literal "Borland International" may be stored in read only memory so if you try to modfiy its content,the program will segfault.

You can use :
char str[]="Borland International";

to prevent storing it in Read only memory.
0
 
ankuratvbConnect With a Mentor Commented:
See this as well:

http://c.snippets.org/snip_lister.php?fname=strupr.c

This modifies the original as well,so you need to ensure that the string passed to it is not stored in read only memory.
0
 
sexy-sxAuthor Commented:
cool, it's all working.
thank guys
0
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